Civil War Conflict : The Nraps Of Civil Conflict

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Civil Conflict
The first of the four traps is the conflict trap. Collier defines civil war, as a development in reverse, where not only the country itself suffers from the outcomes of war but the neighbouring countries are also affected because civil wars tend to spill into its neighbour’s territories. Collier provides economic data to show how civil wars impact economic development, in which he finds that “civil war tends to reduce growth by around 2.3 percent per year, so the typical seven-year war leaves a country around 15 percent poorer than it would have been.” He finds the two main causes of civil war linked to an economic context, comprising of low incomes and slow growth. Low income and civil war bounce off each other because just like civil wars reduce income, low income creates struggles that increase the chance of civil war. A number of studies that sought to identify the fundamental causes of civil conflict, conducted by four university economists from Oxford, Stanford and Yale, in which Paul Collier was one of the researches, concluded with similar results. Collier and Anke Hoeffler found that “countries which do not experience war are characterized by a per capita income that is more than five times higher than in countries in which wars broke out.” The other studies by James Fearon and David Latin, found that “in Africa, the Middle East and Asia, “$1,000 less in income corresponds to 36 percent greater odds of conflict outbreak.” The Final study by

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