College Campuses: Sexual Assault Research

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Sexual assault on college campuses has always been a problem (Dick, Ziering, & Mattheissen, 2016). It has been repeatedly established in dozens of national and single school studies that one in five or more women are sexually assaulted while in college and, as stated previously, 5 percent of men who attend college also experience sexual assault (Cleere & Lynn, 2013; Dick, Ziering, & Mattheissen, 2016). But recently, the issue of sexual assault has been brought to the attention of national media (Maurer, 2016). This increasing attention may have led President Obama, in 2014, to sign a memorandum creating a task force to help address sexual violence on college campuses, “The charge of the task force is to identify recommendations for best practices …show more content…

The Center for Disease Control and Prevention, CDC, defines sexual violence as sexual activity in which consent is not obtained or freely given, such as completed nonconsensual sex act (i.e., rape), attempted nonconsensual sex act, abusive sexual contact (i.e., unwanted touching), and non-contact sexual abuse (e.g., threatening sexual violence, harassment). Sexual violence has health effects including injuries and death, sexually transmitted infections, unintended pregnancy, and psychological distress (as cited in Sutherland, Amar, & Sutherland, 2014). Whereas, sexual assault refers to sexual contact or behavior that occurs without the explicit consent of the victim. Some forms of sexual assault include penetration of the victim’s body, also known as rape; attempted rape; forcing a victim to perform sexual acts, such as oral sex or penetrating the perpetrator’s body; and fondling or unwanted sexual touching (RAINN, …show more content…

For example, ignoring the objections of the other person, causing the other person’s intoxication or incapacitation (through the use of drugs or alcohol), or taking advantage of the other person’s intoxication (including voluntary intoxication). As these examples of sexual assault and previous research suggest, alcohol, as well as attire and gender, often play an integral part in the act of sexual assault or perception of sexual assault (Maurer, 2007; Palmer, McMahon, Rounsaville, & Ball, 2010). The perception of sexual assault, particularly by college students, will be focused on in the present

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