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Community Struggles

Decent Essays
s Prof. Larsen English 120 28 Nov. 2016 Community Struggles Over the past few decades in the United States the disease obesity has become a national epidemic. In the Encyclopedia of Nursing it states the following “The latest projections of the World Health Organization (2010) indicate that globally in 2005, 1.6 billion adults were overweight and 400 million were obese, and that by 2015, 2.3 billion will be overweight and more than 700 million will be obese” (1). This was from 2010 the current obesity rate in the United States among adults is roughly 36.5% according to the Center for Disease and Control Prevention. The CDC is the nation’s health protection agency which protects against disease. With this epidemic continuing to grow and no…show more content…
Obesity is defined by the Encyclopedia of Nursing “Obesity is a chronic metabolic disease and is characterized by an accumulation of excess body fat caused by increased caloric intake and decreased energy expenditure” (1). Obesity can cause several health conditions and even death. In America to be considered obese is when a person’s Body Mass Index also known as BMI is over 30. Obesity divided into three categories. Here is the breakdown of the categories per the Center for Disease and Control Prevention “Class 1: BMI of 30 to < 35 Class 2: BMI of 35 to < 40 Class 3: BMI of 40 or higher. Class 3 obesity is sometimes categorized as “extreme” or “severe” obesity” (1). An obese adult can have many health diseases such as heart disease, instance of type 2 diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and sleep apnea. With these health problems adults, will also have increased health care cost. According to the article The Economics’ of Obesity: Cost, Causes and Controls” by Clare Ulrich “Total health-care costs for obesity-related problems were tabulated at $75 billion in 2003” (1). This is an estimated cost of what the nation spends on healthcare for the Obesity related health cost. J.G. Trogdon’s article Indirect Costs of Obesity: A Review of the Current Literature he talks about the obesity in six categories. One of the categories in these categories he discusses what the government pays in income due to obese related…show more content…
One wouldn’t think race would make someone be prone to being obese. In the article, Race, Place, And Obesity: The Complex Relationships Among Community Racial/Ethnic Composition, Individual Race/Ethnicity, And Obesity in The United States by James Kirby. He talks about how race and ethnicity has impact certain race’s more than others. “For example, approximately 50% of African American women are obese compared with only 33% of White women” (1572). One reason he mentions that this may occur is because of social acceptance. Socially it may be ok for an African American woman to have a different weight standard in her community. In a Caucasian community, that standard maybe different also. When Kirby researched more into the topic he found that “Our analysis, therefore, included variables that recorded the poverty rate, and the number of grocery stores, convenience stores, specialty meat or vegetable stores, gym or fitness facilities, full-service restaurants, and fast-food restaurants per capita” (1574). This means that obesity may affect different races due to the environment they are in living community. Kirby found that in a low-income area the community is less educated, more frequently disadvantaged and living in a metropolitan area. (1575). In Metropolitan area’s there are tons of fast food on every corner they are affordable and easy to access. Fast food seems to be a major contributing factor to
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