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Compare And Contrast Plato And Aristotle On Virtue

Decent Essays
In this paper, I will reconstruct the arguments of Plato and Aristotle’s views on what is virtue and how the accounts apply to the case of justice. I will began with the earlier philosopher, Plato and how he relates virtue and justice and analyzing his reasoning supporting his relation. Next, will be the analyzation of Aristotle supporting reasons of virtue and how it accounts apply to justice. There are many similarities with Plato and Aristotle’s reasoning but I will be focusing on the disagreements amongst the two philosophers. The philosopher side I support is Aristotle's view that virtue is a mean between two extremes and thought of as a state or condition of the soul that happens from observations and common beliefs and not just reason alone. Plato states there are two types of virtues; thought (inquiry) and characters (activities). He argues there is only one form of virtue that has absolute forms.In the Crito from of The Trial and Death of Socrates, Socrates argues that virtue is knowledge and that people lack the knowledge of what is good. Plato believes that someone possessing knowledge of the good is able to determine the good in all decisions, at all times, and will thus be virtuous unconditionally. Plato brings up other absolute forms like knowledge, courage, moderation, and justice. Virtue takes into account with justice because Plato believes justice is part of a virtue and states that virtue and justice is man’s most precious possession just like lawful
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