'Compare and contrast the internal policies of Mussolini and Stalin.'

1271 WordsMay 9, 20046 Pages
"Compare and contrast the internal policies of Mussolini and Stalin." Mussolini and Stalin were two of the most significant dictators of the 20th century. Both aimed to establish a totalitarian system but their different characters and circumstances in their respective countries resulted in two very different approaches in obtaining their goals. At the beginning of Mussolini 's era, Mussolini was supported by the Liberals in parliament. With their help he introduced strict censorship and altered the methods of election so that in 1925-1926 he was able to assume dictatorial powers and dissolve all other political parties. Skilfully using his absolute control over the press, he gradually built up the legend of "The Duce", a man who was…show more content…
It was designed to industrialise the USSR in the shortest possible time and, in the process, to expedite the collectivisation of farms. The plan was ruthlessly applied and focused on heavy industries, in particular the development of iron and steel, machine-tools, electric power and transport. Stalin justified these measures when speaking in a statement made in 1931 by saying, "We are 50-100 years behind the advanced countries. We must make good this distance in 10 years. Either we do it or we shall be crushed."" (My essay "Compare and contrast the economic policies of Lenin and Stalin and evaluate their success") Finally, one has to discuss how Stalin and Mussolini influenced and changed the society of their country. Stalin 's period was marked with fierce attacks against the Russian Orthodox Church, and all other religions. Churches were pillaged and priests killed. State education was fiercely anti-religious. Stalin 's hate towards religion was based on Marx 'famous statement: "Religion is the opium of the people". Further features of Stalinism include an emphasis on the family nuclear unit, and parents were encouraged, and forced to face up to their parental responsibilities. Another notable feature of the era was the total lack of regard and disrespect shown to the Russian intelligentsia, and many writers who did not conform to 'Stalinist ideology

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