Comparison of the Greek City States- Athens and Sparta

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During the Fifth century, Greece was controlled by two main powers; Athens and Sparta. These city-states were very different. Sparta was known for their strength, discipline, individuality, beauty, sports, and learning (Beck et al. 131). Athens was known for education, fitness, art, literature, and wealth. Not to overlook the rights of women, which were a little elevated in Sparta, the city that had an overall greater respect for human rights, would be Athens. One reason why Athens had a greater respect for human rights is that they had a direct democracy, while Sparta had an oligarchy. Athens’ direct democracy had elected officials including ten generals, magistrates, and others (PBS 1). They also had a council of five hundred. Their job was to oversee the decisions made by the assembly. Unfortunately, the assembly was open to all citizens except women. Women had no contributing role in politics. The assembly passed laws and made policy decisions (PBS 1). The assembly met on the hill of the Pnyx to make these important decisions. On the other hand, Sparta had an oligarchy. They had two kings who controlled the army and religions of Sparta. They also had five overseers who were elected to do regular every-day operations of Sparta. They could veto law proposals or rulings made by the council or assembly (PBS 1). The council (men over sixty years elected for life) and kings acted as judges and proposed laws (PBS 1). The assembly in Sparta could veto the council’s

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