Comparisons of the Ontological Positions of Marx, Durkheim and Weber

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Comparisons of the ontological positions of Marx, Durkheim and Weber. Presenting any comparisons of Marx, Durkheim and Weber necessitates a homogeneous delineation of ontology. Megill (2002) defined ontology as “the field of investigation that attempts to arrive at conclusions regarding the fundamental nature of reality” (Megill 2002, p.38), and it is this definition that will delineate the positioning of these theorists. Karl Marx represented a pragmatic and practical positioning that identified the prioritized needs most affecting human society (Megill, 2002). Marx viewed a materialistic, non-spiritual existence, a naturalistic, socially oriented order in which citizens, in unity, provide their basic needs for survival. This collaborative effort demarcates the strengths of citizens to provide for life’s necessities, with the needs provided from naturalistic sources (Ritzer, 2011). Believing the contributions of nature were impeded through the process of intentional societal obstructions and the perilous adversities of history, Marx alludes that capitalism best exemplifies the conversion of what should be largely, a natural process. Equating capitalism as one of the most acute impediments dividing societies from the ability for self-sufficiency, Marx’s labels the phenomenon alienation, referring to it as the intercession of a two-class system in which capitalists now represent what had traditionally represented the naturalistic ability of self-survival

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