Studies relating to CNM relationships have not yet begun to explore the individual’s self-esteem. As has already been discussed, the research relating to CNM relationships has provided a plethora of information supporting healthy relationships and healthy individuals. The next step is to explore the self-esteem of these CNM individuals. Therefore, the purpose of this research proposal is to explore correlations between self-esteem scores on the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (Rosenberg, 1989) with relationship choice, including polyamory, swinging, BDSM and open relationships. The researcher believes that based on the evidence presented of individuals who engage in CNM having many of the same traits as those with higher scores on self-esteem scales that the individuals who engage in CNM will also score high on a self-esteem scale. (For this proposal non-consensual non-monogamous relationships will be considered monogamous as it is assumed that at least one party of the couple identifies as being in a monogamous relationship.) Specifically, the researcher believes that individuals involved in consensually non-monogamous relationships will have self-esteem scores similar to the general population (See Figure 1). In fact, the researcher believes that the scores will be scores associated with having high self-esteem across all types of consensual non-monogamies (See Figure 2). Method Participants Sample participants would be obtained by attending local lifestyle or
Most people face self esteem problems at different levels. At some point in life people face this problem without realizing it. In the essay The Trouble with Self-Esteem written by Lauren Slater starts of by demonstrating a test. Self esteem test that determines whether you have a high self-esteem or low self-esteem. The question to be answered however is; what is the value and meaning of self-esteem? The trouble with self-esteem is that not everyone approaches it properly, taking a test or doing research based of a certain group of people is not the way to do so.
Individual attachment style and its effects on adult romantic relationships were examined. The hypothesis of this literature review was that insecure attachment style would negatively affect the overall dynamic of adult romantic relationships while secure attachment would promote positive and healthy romantic relationships. Empirical studies looking at attachment style and relationship issues such as one’s views of self and others, communication, sexual intimacy, childhood family dynamic and God were evaluated. Reviews of studies were in line with the hypothesis indicating that insecure attachment does negatively affect the overall dynamic of romantic
This paper investigates the applicability of Dysfunctional Attitude Scale (DAS) on women and children in polygamist relationships. The paper outlines the usefulness of this tool to this group and identifies the population this tool is best designed for and this tool's validity. Moreover, the paper describes how DAS enhances the assessment phase in nursing processes and its impact on the quality of health delivered by nurses incorporating Jean Watson's theory of caring.
underpins marriage in many Western and some non-Western countries.” Scholars have continued to argue the success of monogamous relationships. Harville Hendrix (1990) explains that monogamy is a healing practice. Partners in monogamous relationships go through many stages and struggles as a committed couple. Through struggle, partners act as healers that help to work through each other’s suffering (Hendrix 1990). Hendrix (1990) believes individuals choose their partners to work through the pain together and help them grow through life. Monogamous marriage is a spiritual path to happiness and commitment between two individuals (Hendrix 1990). A committed relationship requires monogamy, and Hendrix (1990) contends that healthy and spiritual commitments encourage the sustainability of monogamous relationships. Although Hendrix (1990) contends that monogamy is an effective practice, research has largely built a case around the consequences of monogamous relationships.
When people move from partner to partner, often with no intention of seeing the person again, they have to refrain from the natural inclinations to form a bond of trust with them. As Zimmerman states, “Rather than learning to approach the other with openness, the practice of hooking up encourages one to draw near to the other with distrust, doubt, and fear…hooking up in its most basic form, is simply about the ability to become unhooked from one’s partner” (Zimmerman 56). Although the natural human response to intimacy follows sexual behaviors, those who engage in “hooking up” must guard themselves, suppressing that desire, in order to continue this behavior without hanging on to past partners. This is not healthy behavior if one intends to enter into marriage in the long-run, as the practice of self-disclosure and trust is integral to a long term relationship. Again, Zimmerman writes, “the practice of hooking up fosters the skill of shutting down one’s mind and heart and allowing only one’s body to function as something to be consumed without any development of emotional or psychological intimacy” (Zimmerman 56). This is also unhealthy behavior for a future relationship. Constant practices of disrespect, objectification, and a lack of self-disclosure are sure to become habitual, and prevent
Those who display narcissistic tendencies often carry along a multitude of problems. One imminent consequence of a narcissistic individual is their inability to form relations in which stems from lack of loyalty. Individuals who display narcissist tendencies consistently have lower satisfaction and success rates within relationships. Gayle Brewer, Danielle Hunt, Gail James, and Loren Abell, psychology professors from an elite institution, conducted a study on narcissistic traits and its’ influence on infidelity levels in relationships. The study found that women with higher levels of narcissism, not only display greater levels of infidelity themselves, but believe that they are more vulnerable to a partner’s infidelity than women with low
The following article investigated by Olivia Leeker explores a number of factors that were found to be significant contributors to preemptive indications of infidelity as well as a variation of emotional responses after infidelity occurs. She begins her research posing some of the following questions: “To what extent do the independent variables [sex, sexual orientation, infidelity expectations, love (intimacy, passion, and commitment)] predict distress related to sexual or emotional infidelity?”, “To what extent do the independent variables predict anger, anxiety, jealousy, and humiliation related to sexual or emotional infidelity?”, “Do sexual and emotional infidelity elicit significantly different levels of distress, anger, anxiety, jealousy, and humiliation?” (Leeker, 2014). Leeker begins her study with these questions to reveal a vast number of motivations and outcomes of infidelity. She follows up with her hypotheses which state: “Sex, sexual orientation, infidelity expectations, and love (defined as intimacy, passion, and commitment) are not significant predictors of distress related to sexual or emotional infidelity”, “Sex, sexual orientation, infidelity
These negative behaviors can also heighten unrestricted sexual behaviors and increase commitment issues especially when focusing specifically on grandiose narcissism. The aspects of negative behavior due to narcissism, the link between narcissism and conflict behaviors, how narcissism affects sexuality and relationship commitment, and the consequences of grandiose narcissism will be explored through various research studies in order to expose how narcissism affects the outcomes of romantic relationships.
Sociosexuality is the willingness that an individual has for them to engage in a sexual activity outside of a committed relationship, when in a committed relationship. In the results, some evidence was found to prove that sociosexuality and attachment style were factors to infidelity. Their research results lead to conclude that high scores on sociosexuality was associated with higher distress to sexual infidelities. In terms of attachment styles, it was concluded that attachment styles increase a man’s probabilities of selecting emotional infidelity. In the case of women, the avoidant attachment style was associated to increase the women’s probabilities of selecting a sexual
(2002) findings, Carpenter (2012) conducted a meta-analysis that included previous studies to measure a mean effect of romantic jealousy between sexes. Additionally, Carpenter (2012) wanted to examine if the effect differed across cultures. Communication and Mass Media Complete and PsychINFO was used to locate the articles in this mate-analysis. To narrow the results, Carpenter (2012) used the search word “infidelity”. In total, 172 effect sizes were coded by forced-choice measures, continues measures, student sample (students or not), region (U.S. or international), sexual orientation (gay and lesbian or heterosexual), and sample size. Studies were also coded by whether or not they used the forced-choice measures. Several statistical analysis were conducted between scenario and mediators to calculate effect sizes. Results for this meta-analysis contradicted previous findings, as they indicated that emotional infidelity is more distressful for most of the samples that responded to the force-choice questions. Whereas, samples that responded to continues questions indicated that sexual infidelity was more distressing. Furthermore, sexual infidelity was most distressing to student men in U.S, while emotional infidelity was reported to be more distressful to men in other counties. In other words, there is no significant different between men and women jealousy between sexual and emotional infidelity unless they are forced to choose one. And therefore,
Many couples want a successful relationship that is also satisfying. Partners who are satisfied with their interactions tend to be satisfied with other non-romantic relationships (Emmers-Sommer, 514). As a response to ongoing interaction between partners, loving attitudes are formed and are shaped by personality types, and the past and existing relationship interactions (Meeks, Hendrick and Hendrick, ‘98).
I had some mix feelings about this self-esteem inventory since I personally been dealing with depression for over 10 years. I would say that if I took this exam 6 years ago, I would be rated with sever low self esteem due to how I personally viewed myself. I might of appeared on the outside of having high self confidence, but on the inside I was always critical of myself. Since my treatment and changing the way I view myself, my current score for this inventory is 38. This score somewhat surprised me since I thought it would be lower. I did score over 3 on the "lie scale" which I have mix feelings on but being close to the average male score of 40 makes me feel good. With my recovery, I learned how to fight back the old negative views I had
It is widely believed through books, media, and the entertainment world that successful individuals have healthy sex lives. However, that is not true and it is even taboo to admit other wises. It is important to understand one’s sexual self-view and by doing so, one can understand why they are the way they are. The first step is by understanding what sexual self-view or also known as sexual schema is. There is a sexual self-schema for both men and women. For both sexes, they can either have a positive or negative sexual self-schema. Within those schemas are three branches: schematic, co-schematic, and aschmetic.