Criminal Law

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Criminal Law Jordan Miller CJA 354 September 24, 2012 Kristin Mildenberger Criminal Law Former Chief Justice and President of the United States from 1909 to 1913, William Howard Taft once stated “Presidents come and go, but the Supreme Court goes on forever.” That statement currently remains to hold true. The first Supreme Court was called to assemble on February 1, 1790, at which time the powers and duties of the Supreme Court were established. The United States Supreme Court currently has one Chief Justice and eight Associate Justices and is the highest judicial body in the United States. In the 2009 case of the Supreme Court vs. Joel Tenenbaum, the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) sued former Boston University…show more content…
The definition of criminal liability is when one does not commit an act of crime intentionally, but the actions he or she takes result in a crime. An instance of criminal liability would be if an individual takes medication that makes him or her drowsy and that person operates large machinery and hurts or kills someone. He or she did not plan to hurt anyone but were negligent on the actions taken (Lippman, 2010). Accomplice liability means that under criminal law, any individual may be held responsible for a crime if he or she intentionally abets, encourages, solicits, advises or procures the commission of the crime by physical conduct or psychological influence. Generally, a failure to prevent another from committing a crime will not trigger accomplice liability. However, that omission could be a factor in determining whether psychological influences such as actus reus (guilty act) and mens rea (guilty mind) of accomplice liability existed in the commission of a crime. The requirement of actus reus accomplice liability involves even the smallest amount of psychological assistance to the perpetrator of a crime, whereas mens rea involves showing ones intent to assist in the commission of a crime (Lippman, 2010). Actus Reus, Mens Rea, and Concurrence United States law states that elements of a crime are facts that must be proven for the successful conviction of an individual charged with a
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