Criminal Laws And The Cruel Treatment Of Alleged Criminals

1235 Words Nov 3rd, 2015 5 Pages
Criminal procedures are safeguards against the indiscriminate use of criminal laws and the cruel treatment of alleged criminals. In detail, they are designed to impose the constitutional rights of criminal the defendants, starting with initial police contact and continuing through arrest, trial, investigation, sentencing, and appeals. The purpose of this essay is to discuss the difference between a misdemeanor and felony, speedy trial for misdemeanors and felonies, and the Speedy Trial Act of 1974. Difference in Misdemeanor and Felony According to Attonery.com both a misdemeanor and felonies are criminal charges however with one big difference, a misdemeanor you are in a local or county jail and a felony you are in a state or federal prison.
Misdemeanors
Misdemeanors offenses are punishable by substantial fines and sometimes jail time, usually less than one year. Any jail term would most likely be served in a county jail, rather than a state or federal correctional institution. Minor crimes consisting of offenses such as petty theft, which is the theft of items with little worth, normally a person can 't be arrested for a misdemeanor unless the crime was committed in front of the officer. Petty offense misdemeanors are usually held in a shortened trial, where defendants do not have the right to court-appointed lawyers if they can 't afford one. Jury trials can be available, depending upon the type of misdemeanor alleged. Misdemeanors are classified according to their…

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