Critical Analysis Of John Keats Ode To A Nightingale

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Psychoanalytic critics are not agreed on the probable application psychoanalytic concepts to the literary works. No doubt, all the psychological concepts cannot be applied to every literary work. However, some concepts in psychoanalytical criticism can be applied to the literary works. The task of the critic is to see which concept operates in the literary text in a way which yields a meaningful coherent psychoanalytic interpretation. The psychological approach to the study of literature has been the most abused approach. The scholars and critics most commonly employed psychological approach as an interpretative tool to enhance their understanding and appreciation of literature. Psychological interpretation offers various ways to understand…show more content…
The nightingale displays his abilities to sing and an unconscious behavior. Being a very self-conscious writer, Keats had vision of looking beyond Nightingale’s singing. He visualizes something sad, unhappy and painful in the song of nightingale. The poet is not able to present the bird in its full and perfect form. His art has failed to capture the beauty and ugliness in the song of nightingale. The nightingale is an ecstatic and oblivious singer. The bird sings not of present time or not even this world. The song of the bird is unhampered in the ‘full-throated ease’ of its singing by the realities of a world where (as stanza three states) ‘but to think is to be full of sorrow’. The poem vividly portrays Keats’s attempt to free himself from the self which thinks of the present world. He wants to join his true poetic self and recoiling to his ‘sole self’ as the song fades. Freud’s terms ego, id, and super-ego are useful to study Keats’ attempt to free from his unconscious self. The super-ego of the author impels poet to free from the worldly attachment –id represented by the nightingale. When the poet attempts to give up his id, he is reduced to a ‘sole’ self, without any imagined

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