Weena makes it clear that the Morlocks feed on the Eloi to survive. Since the Eloi are the Morlock's main food source, the Eloi need to contain certain traits in order to go along with their plans of survival. For an example, the time traveler concludes that the Morlocks are sensitive to light. So, throughout the story, you will witness the time travler gathering up on matches to keep the Morlocks away as best as he can. During this same time, he also shoots to keep Weena safe. It seems the Eloi have become very frail from lack of hard work and possibly the Morlocks doing the work for them. he Eloi seem to be lazy overall and have a tough time defending themselves for the
In the book The Time Machine, H.G Wells comes up with a lot of theories about the future. Some of these theories actually relate to Charles Darwin's book the Origin of Species. Natural selection is a theory by Darwin that means the organisms with the favorable traits or more likely to survive and thrive. During this essay I will be comparing some of Well's theories to Darwin's of natural selection.
This paper discusses the theory of evolution in detail. Topics this paper will address include defining the theory of evolution and explaining how the theory has evolved over time, as well as highlighting the strengths and weaknesses of the theory and examining how effective the theory is in today’s world.
He discovers some notable differences between the Morlocks and the Eloi. “I do not know how long I sat peering down that well. It was not for sometime that I could succeed in persuading that the thing I had seen was human. But gradually the truth dawned on me; that man had not remained one species but had differentiated into two distinct animals; that my graceful children of the upper world were not the sole descendants of our generation but that this is bleached obscene, nocturnal thing which had flashed before me was heir to all ages.” The Morlock had greyish red eyes due to being forced to live underground many years. It could not see well above ground because their eyes had adapted to the dark. Their bleached white coloring was another example of them being hidden away from sunlight. This reflects Darwin's idea that organisms are limited in their ability to survive based on their surrounding climate
For example, The time traveler's first theory was, The Eloi were the only creatures, living in a communist world they strived without no major conflict. This is perfect to tie in with natural selection because the time traveler ,at the time thought the eloi were advanced from thousands of years of evolution. He then was quick to realize his first theory was a mistake.
“Darwinism designates a distinctive form of evolutionary explanation for the history and diversity of life on earth” (Lennox 1). The Eloi and the Morlocks were both human at the first time, afterwards, they changed their appetite and appearance who evolved into two completely different creatures. The time traveler said that the Eloi, “struck me as being a very beautiful and graceful creature, but indescribably frail. His flushed face reminded me of the more beautiful kind of consumptive” (Wells 21). When he met the Morlocks, he “struck another light, and waved it in their dazzled faces. You can scarce imagine how nauseatingly inhuman they looked—those pale, chinless faces and great, lidless, pinkish-grey
Darwinism is a theory of evolution developed by Charles Darwin also called Darwinian Theory. Darwin utilizes Thomas Malthus’ principle of exponential population growth to debate the possibility of infinite growth of population sizes which is tested by the limitations of geography and natural resources that makes it impossible for an infinite number of beings to survive. The limitation in resources results in species experience a “struggle for existence,” creating a survival competition. In this theory, Darwin stated that all species of organisms arise and develop through the natural selection of small, inherited variations that increase the individual 's ability to compete, survive, and reproduce. Charles Darwin published The Origin of Species in 1859 which argued that species evolved to get better all the time. Some people used his theory to argue that members of the elite or height of the social ladder were superior to the working class and impoverished due Darwin 's "survival of the fittest", which is considered Social Darwinism. In one of the earliest examples of science fiction, The Time Machine, H.G. Wells’ introduces Social Darwinism along with the theory of evolution.
Charles Darwin broached the theory of natural selection in his book the Origin of Species, which has been considered the basis of evolutionary biology to this day. Natural selection is when populations of a species evolve over the course of many generations. Darwin believed that species were not created separately, but instead, species were derived from one another. In other words, the evolution of species creates many variations among creatures, and this is because all of those species came from a common ancestor, and characteristics changed to increase the species chance of survival.
The Eloi were one of the 2 species that humans evolved to in Wells’ story. At first, they seem very content. They share everything with one another: food, shelter, and the land. There is no industry or pollution. "Communism,"(58) the Time Traveler says to himself at one point. This all seems marvelous, but the desire to learn and gain knowledge has also gone. “A queer thing I soon discovered about my little hosts, and that was their lack of interest.” (55) The Eloi, after so many years, have failed to continue to discover and create new things. They are simple and are not capable of thinking critically, or even having a sophisticated language. The Eloi are afraid of the darkness, and The Time Traveler later finds out why: the Murlocks.
We shall begin on the first point of Darwin's book, that evolution of humanity will remain constantly changing, the Eloi and Morlock are the prime examples and subject of theory to the time traveler. The Morlock, symbolize the lower class, or the toilers, who have still retained their working prowess, but have become dark creatures who inhabit the underworld, as he calls it. All the Morlock are grotesque in nature, they are mechanically intelligent, and survive on primal instinct, and as previously being the minority under the rich class, they now control the descendants of the upperclass by feeding off them like livestock. This changes how the
In the Time machine, there are 3 theories clearly reflect Darwin's main points. The time Traveller's think that Eloi are the sole descendants of humanity. Second they think the Marlocks are the slaves of the Eloi. Third, they discovered that the Marlocks hunt and terrify the Eloi, they assume that the second theory was once true, but that the Marlocks evolved to the point where they needed to prey on the Eloi.
The Eloi and The Morlocks in the book: Time traveler have many different aspects and many different mindsets on how they live with each other. In fact they are basically complete opposites, but they both need each other to survive in the book. The Eloi, a graceful, fragile, Human-like being can be easily harmed by The Morlocks, which is a Human-spider mutation. The Morlocks are very hardworking creatures, they live underground, they make tools and such to provide for the eloi to whom is food to them. The Eloi on the other hand live in a lazy and luxurious life, which they eat fruit and mess around all day. They are considered to have no use compared to the Morlocks.
Darwin's theory of evolution states that humans will naturally evolve based on natural selection. In H.G. Wells' The Time Machine, Wells implements a derivative of Darwin's theory known as "social Darwinism." Social Darwinism is the idea that humans will evolve according to Darwin's ideas of evolution, and that only those that are strong -- or have "favorable traits" will survive to pass on their genetic traits to the next generation. Social Darwinism has historically been used as a tool of racism and oppression, as people believed that only white, abled people should be able to pass on their genes. However, eugenics had not risen into the public eye at the time of The Time Machine's 1895 publication, as it had not even been forty years since
The Morlocks live in a well under the ground, cast away from the Eloi. In that well, there is a “vast arched cavern” (62) in which they reside. These white, ape-like Morlocks live in complete and total darkness. They are terrified of the light, and are thought to be dehumanized by technology. The fact that they live far from the fragile Eloi likely symbolizes isolation from the rest of the world. Wells probably believes that people in the future could act in this same way and separate because of social
Charles Darwin was a man who shaped the way in which we think about evolution in modern times. He brought forth and described the theory of natural selection and survival of the fittest. To fully understand modern evolutionary thoughts it is necessary for one to completely understand the early theories of Charles Darwin. In this paper I will provide the reader with a complete background on Charles Darwin, describe his voyage on the HMS Beagle, and discuss his theory of natural selection.