Value theory PDF
The Allport-Vernon Study of Values (SOV) is one of the earliest, theoretically well-grounded questionnaires measuring personal values on the basis of declared behavioral preferences. The SOV was first published in 1931 by G. W. Allport and P. E. Vernon (1931) and later revised in 1970 by Allport, Vernon, and G. Lindzey (1970). It is a psychological tool designed to measure personal preferences of six types of values: theoretical, economic, aesthetic, social, political, and religious. The method is rooted in a philosophy of values by E. Spranger, who postulated six ideal types of people corresponding to their most important and general beliefs, ways of thinking, and preferred patterns of living. Each one is oriented…show more content… More often, our questioning merely acts to reinforce the values we hold.
Importance of Values:
Values are important to the study of organizational behavior because they lay the foundation for the understanding of attitudes and motivation and because they influence our perception. Individuals enter an organization with pre-conceived notions . Of course, these notions are not value-free. On the contrary, they contain interpretations of right and wrong. Furthermore, they imply that certain behaviors or outcomes are preferred over others. As a result, values cloud objectivity and rationality.
Values generally influence attitudes and behavior. Suppose that you enter an organization with the view that allocating pay on the basis of seniority is wrong. How are you going to react if you find that the organization you have just joined rewards seniority and not performance? You are likely to be disappointed — and this can lead to job dissatisfaction and the decision not to exert a high level of effort since it 's probably not going to lead to more money, anyway. Most likely attitudes and behavior will be different if your values are aligned with the organization 's pay policies.
A. Consistency of Personality
Allport argued that humans are consistent (“remarkably recognizable”) in personality even though they may vary from situation to situation.
Some research supports Allport’s