Defective Cell Organelles

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The defective cell organelle is the endoplasmic reticulum. Cystic fibrosis occurs due to a mutant gene known as CTFR. Instead of the CTFR protein being threaded and translated, it get stuck in the endoplasmic reticulum, causing the cell to lose its permeability. Eventually, salts starts building up outside the cells since they cannot pass through.

The ability of water to move across cell membranes is important to living things. Water moves across cell membranes through various processes such as osmosis, diffusion, and active transport. These processes enable the transfer of ions in plants and aids the vascular system in animals. These procsses are key to the survival of organisms.

A fairly small amount of water will move into the cell,

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