Describe and Evaluate Two Approaches to the Treatment of Self-Defeating Behaviour.

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Describe and evaluate two approaches to the treatment of self-defeating behaviour. “Pain is inevitable… Suffering is optional.” Buddhist Scripture Introduction Self-defeating behaviour (maladaptive behaviour) is the idea that people knowingly respond to stimuli that will cause them to fail or bring them trouble. It is defined as “any deliberate or intentional behaviour that has clear, definitely or probably negative effects on the self or on the self’s projects” 1. Psychologists have examined various theories as to why humans sometimes behave in a self-destructive ways. One proposed theory that answers this question is the Freudian argument, which states “people have an innate death drive that impels them to pursue their own…show more content…
Ultimately, self-defeating behaviour may often result from the failure of the self to regulate its behaviours properly”3 Why beat yourself up…? Experiments have proved, and psychologists have shown, that regular people do in fact perform behaviours that can be self-detrimental. The three models of self-destructiveness illustrate the different ways in which a person behaves in a self-defeating way, depending on each person’s level of “intentionality” to harm oneself. Human beings are more likely to behave in more self- defeating ways depending different circumstances, such as a person’s mental health. If a person is depressed or anxious then that person is more likely to behave in a self-destructive way than a person would if they were mentally healthy. Another important factor that contributes to self-destructive behaviour is seclusion. A “strong feeling of social inclusion is important for enabling the individual to use the human capacity for self-regulation in ways that will preserve and protect the self and promote the self's best long term interests of health and well-being."4 Perpetual Motion Learning to treat oneself with instantaneous subconscious response, in particular one that reduces psychological tension and intimately physical tension, is rewarding. Once we have time to reflect on whether our actions are mentally ethical
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