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Description And Background Of Sunflower

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TYOKOLO V.J
216008293
ASSIGNMENT
Plant production 1
MARCH 2017
SUNFLOWER

2017 TABLE OF CONTENTS

1: DESCRIPTION AND BACKGROUND PAGE 2

2: AREAS WHERE SUNFLOWER IS PLANTED PAGE 2 2.1: Provincially PAGE 2-3 2.2: Nationally PAGE 3

3: CULTIVARS PAGE 4

4: CLIMATIC REQUIREMENTS FOR SUNFLOWER PAGE 4 4.1: Temperature PAGE 4 4.2: Precipitation PAGE 4 4.3: Soil Requirements PAGE 4 4.4: Fertilisation PAGE 4-5

5: CONSUMPTION PAGE 5
6: IMPORTS AND EXPORTS PAGE 6 6.1: Imports PAGE 6 6.2: Exports PAGE 7

7: PRICES PAGE 8

8: WORLDCROP SITUATION PAGE 9-10

9: CONCLUSION PAGE 11

10: REFERENCING PAGE 11

SUNFLOWER
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In south africa, sunflower is the third largest grain crop produced in the country
2: AREAS WHERE SUNFLOWER IS PRODUCED
The major sunflower producing provinces in South Africa are namely: Free state North west Mpumalanga Limpopo

Sunflower production by each province Table 1
A graph showing areas where sunflower is planted provincially

National level of production of sunflower
Production of sunflower, which is the most crucial or important element of vegetable oil in our country, and it is more (prevalent) in areas which receive rainfall in summer.
Local sunflower seed ranges between 500 000 to 700 000 tons (according to sunflower production guideline of March 2010 of South Africa), and it is increasing rapidly as the production also increases.

The fluctuations in sunflower production are mostly or mainly caused by uncertain price expectations, high input costs and high stock levels. The average yield ranges from 1, 2 to 1, 8 tons per hectare on dry lands.

3: CULTIVARS
A certain or a proper cultivar choice is one method to ensure higher profits at no extra costs

4: CLIMATIC SUNFLOWER REQUIREMENTS
4.1 Temperature Sunflower can be tolerant on both low and high temperatures, but mostly tolerant on lower temperatures The crop is sensitive to higher soil temperatures, when emergence occurs, and this problem is mostly seen in sandy soils of the western Free State and North West thus
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