Essay on Diabetes Mellitus

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Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes is a chronic, genetically determined, debilitating disease that affects every organ system. There are two major types of diabetes: Type I and Type II. Type I or insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM), is caused by the autoimmune destruction of the insulin producing cells of the pancreas and is usually, but not always diagnosed in childhood. People with type I diabetes must take insulin shots in order to survive. Type II diabetes or non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM), are usually diagnosed in adulthood. They produce insulin, but their bodies do not use it effectively or properly. While many modern diseases plague society, diabetes has been known for many centuries
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Hyperglycemia, or high blood sugar. Occurs when blood sugar is too high. It can be a sign that diabetes is not controlled very well. And ketoacidosis, or diabetic coma, is very serious and should be taken care of by a healthcare practitioner (Hoffman, 34-49).
Signs and symptoms of IDDM include: high levels of sugar in the blood, high levels of sugar in the urine, frequent urination, extreme hunger and thirst, extreme weight loss, weakness and tiredness, feeling edgy and having mood changes, and feeling sick to your stomach and vomiting.
Signs and symptoms of type II diabetes: One is that it develops very slowly. Most people that get NIDDM have an increased thirst and an increased need to urinate. They also feel edgy, tired, and sick to their stomach. Some have an increase in appetite, but do not gain weight. Other signs and symptoms may include: repeated or hard to heal infections of the skin, gums, vagina, or the bladder. Impotence, blurred vision, tingling or loss of feeling in the hands pr feet, and dry, itchy skin. These symptoms are very mild and are not easily connected to diabetes. Older people confuse these signs with aging and do not seek medical attention early enough.
Since this disease is genetically determined, anybody can get it. Diabetics live with this disease forever. It never goes away, even when all of the treatments available. Diet and

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