Different Levels Of Development Within The Middle East Multilateral Working Group On Water

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The perception of unresolved non-water related issues with one 's neighbours, both water-related and otherwise, is also an exacerbating factor in water conflicts. Israel, Syria, and Turkey, each and respectively have difficult political issues outstanding, which makes discussions on the Jordan and Euphrates more intricate. Relative development can inform the nature of water disputes in a number of ways. For example, a more-developed region may have better options to alternative sources of water, or to different water management schemes, than less-developed regions, resulting in more options once negotiations begin. In the Middle East multilateral working group on water, for instance, a variety of technical and management options, such as …show more content…

One interesting lack of correlation is also found in Mandel 's study -- that between the number of disputants and intensity of conflict. He suggests that this challenges the common notion that the more limited, in terms of number of parties involved, river disputes are easier to resolve. Another surprising lack of correlation that we seem to be finding is, somewhat counter-intuitively, that climate seems not to be a major variable in water disputes. This fact may be because water has multiple uses, but these uses vary in critical importance, depending on climatic conditions. The hydropower or transportation offered by a river in a humid climate is no less important to its riparians than is the irrigation water provided by a river in an arid zone. An important aspect of international water conflicts is how water is controlled within each of the countries involved. Whether control of the resource is vested at the national level, as in the Middle East, the state level, as in India, or at the sub-state level, as in the United States, informs the complication of international dialog. Also, where control is vested institutionally is important. In Israel, for example, the Water Commissioner for years was under the authority of the Ministry of Agriculture, whereas Jordanian control is at the ministerial level, with the Ministry of Water. These respective institutional settings can make internal

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