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Disadvantages Of Phthalates

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What is phthalates?
Phthalates are synthetic, man-made chemical plasticizers that have been widely used since the 1950s to soften and increase the flexibility of plastic and vinyl that would otherwise be brittle and crack when bent (BabyCenter. Expert Advice). The phthalates are widely selected to soften plastics because of their strong performance, durability and stability (Eileen Conneely & Brian Grossman, 2012).
Phthalates are used in hundreds of products in our homes, hospitals, cars and businesses. These chemicals are usually found in plastic products such as children’s toys, lubricants, infant care products, chemical stabilizers in cosmetics, personal care products, and polyvinyl chloride tubing. It is also used in many medical devices
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A baby or an infant can be exposed to phthalates when they sucks or chews on an object that contains plasticizers such as a teether, squeeze toy, or bath book. Infants tend to suck on and put things in their mouth routinely so they are very vulnerable to ingesting phthalates. Sheela Sathyanarayana, the lead author of a study that looked at phthalate exposure via baby care products said that children are uniquely vulnerable to phthalate exposures given their hand-to-mouth behaviors, floor play, and developing nervous and reproductive systems.
Older children can also ingest plasticizers when they play with things that contain phthalates and then put their hands in their mouth. Besides, adults also may ingest plasticizers by eating food that has been contaminated via certain food packaging or by drinking beverages from plastic bottles that leach the chemical into the food or liquid.
Phthalates are found in many scented and cosmetic products, where they stabilize the fragrance, increase spreadability, and enhance absorption. Report from U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA) said that phthalates can be found in deodorants, nail polish, hair spray, perfumes, lotions, creams, and powders including baby lotions, creams, and powders. The chemicals from these products can be easily absorbed through the skin and into the
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Eventhough animal studies are not a perfect analog to human health but results or findings from animal studies are currently the best source of information available regarding the health effects of phthalates. In laboratory animals, phthalates and their metabolites produced reproductive and developmental toxicities. She also conclude that major toxic effects of phthalates include testicular effects, reduced anogenital distance in males, embryolethality, fetal malformations and abnormal sexual
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