Essay Dissociative Identity Disorder

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Dissociative Identity Disorder Dissociative Identity Disorder, or DID, is defined as: “The result of a marvelously creative defense mechanism that a young child uses to cope with extremely overwhelming trauma” (Hawkins, 2003, p. 3). Ross describes DID in this way: “In its childhood onset forms, the disorder is an effective strategy for coping with a traumatic environment: It becomes dysfunctional because environmental circumstances have changed by adulthood” (1997, p, 62). What types of traumatic environments are we talking about here? Often children who form DID are involved in some sort of abuse. These types of abuses can be physical, sexual and even ritual. Such abuses are not meant for children to have to endure, however, the mind…show more content…
The imagining is so intense, subjectively compelling, and adaptive, that the abused child experiences dissociated aspects of herself as other people. (Ross, 1997, p 59) However, DID is not as simple as it seems. There are some who believe that it is created by therapists. Paul R. McHugh writes: MPD like hystero-epilepsy, is created by therapists. This formerly rare and disputed diagnosis became popular after the appearance of several best-selling books and movies. It is often based on the crudest form of suggestion. (http://www.psycom.net/mchugh.html) In fact there are many more certified psychiatrists in America who are in agreement with McHugh. In a survey of 300 psychiatrists in 1999, 2/3 believed that DID should not be included in the DSM-IV (http://www.ycp.edu/besc/Journal2001/Article_2.htm). This is a staggering number, for a truly remarkable psychological condition. In spite of these statistics these same people believed DID should be a proposed diagnosis, because of skepticism. In true cases of DID new identities are formed to enable the child to be sheltered from the reality of abuse. This diagnosis of DID is considered to be the most severe type of DID by Ross. He views DID as a multifaceted psychological condition. Consider the following chart, found on page 98 of his book, Dissociative Identity Disorder. S C I O M M P P L Normal Dissociative Dissociative Partial DID
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