Division of Labour, Emile Durkheim Am

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QN: compare and contrast the difference between alternative concepts of the division of labour of karl marx and emile durkheim? Compare and contrast the difference between alternative concepts of the division of labour between Karl Marx and Emile Durkheim? Division of labour is the specialization of cooperative labour in specific, circumscribed tasks and like roles. Changing from a feudal society (in which agriculture is the main form of production) to a society in which work tasks become more and more specialised, people are compelled to sell their labour to the owners of big factories in order to survive. People are forced to move into (the rural parts) of town, as that’s where the big factories and new invented machines are.…show more content…
The product of these social relationships becomes an entity in itself (society sui generis). Karl Marx is concerned with the exact development of industrial capitalist society. For him, most social classes or structures in the past have either ended in a revolutionary reconstitution of society at large, or in the common ruin of the contending classes. Therefore, part of his ideology is to minimize the division of labour to an extend which would make it possible to reduce certain negative impacts that industrial capitalism has on the individual. He appreciated the work of many other philosophers but also argues that the purpose of his own work is in changing the whole way of how society is structured. Durkheim suggests that the popular assumptions of the time concerning the imminent collapse of social life in response to the ever increasing division of labour and general urbanization of life were not just exaggerated but actually wrong. Durkheim retorted that rather than being dismantled, solidarity was simply being reconstructed in a different form. Durkheim argued that modern industrial society actively freed people from isolation by mutual dependence through the increasing division of labour. For Durkheim only collective solidarity and morality could furnish the necessary foundations for individual freedom, ethical individualism not psychological egoism, was the key to progress for Durkheim and this key lays buried

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