In the article No Visible Bruises: Domestic Violence and Traumatic Brain Injury during the holidays in 2012 or 2013 a women went through a domestic violence situation with her boyfriend. She had suffered a brain injury so there were two versions to her story. There are numerous methods of intimate partner violence that are extremely serious and can also be life threatening. Daily, average of over three women are killed by their partner in the United States. “In 2005, 1,510 people were killed by an intimate partner (Myth vs Facts).” When the woman was telling her story she would go back and forth. In one of her stories she states her son and daughter were at the scene. In her other story she mentioned it was just her daughter at the scene. I …show more content…
It could have caused difficulties in telling her story and the traumatic brain injury could have led to PTSD. When someone experiences domestic violence it is a tough situation to overcome, it may take years before you are able to accept and overcome what you once experienced.
Traumatic brain injury is a serious harm to the brain which happens after a blow or jolt to the head. Also it causes wide-ranging spectrum of symptoms and disabilities. Suffering from TBI is not only an impact on the individual but it can also be devastating to the individual’s family. TBI can occur after experiencing a traumatic event or situation such as, accident, fall, violence, etc. There are three types of common symptoms for TBI for example, Physical, cognitive, and emotional. The symptoms for TBI and PTSD are really similar and because of similarities in both, it can be difficult to understand what the fundamental complication is. Furthermore, individuals with TBI are more likely to develop PTSD in the long run. Since there were many things the women was forgetting about while telling her story, it could have been due to TBI. When telling her story she couldn’t stay calm,” she cries
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Traumatic brain injury occurs when a person is hit in the head with a blunt force. This significant force to the head can happen playing recreational sports, on the playground, being in a car or motorcycle accident, falling down at home and your head impacting something, a blast or explosion. Traumatic brain injuries are also the leading cause of fatality rate and disability, especially in children, young adults and elderly. TBI is a devastating condition that affects millions of people nationwide, because it can affect the nervous system permanently, it also messes with the neurological, musculoskeletal, cognitive and much more. TBI force a family to deal with not just the physical disability, with the behavioral and emotional roller
Traumatic brain injury is any damage caused to the brain. Individuals with TBI may show aphasia-like symptoms, yet the characteristics of TBI include mostly cognitive processes deficits. Those characteristics include disrupt orientation, attention, memory, visual processing, and executive functions problems. Penitents with TBI experience a blackout that can last anywhere between a few minutes up to months and usually wake up confused and disoriented. They do not have any recollection of the events that occurred. In addition to the common characteristics mentioned earlier, TBI patients exhibit communication deficits that relate to poor cognitive functioning such as problems with word finding, grammatical, spelling, reading, and writing. The cause of TBI is very straightforward, unlike SLI or ASD. Any injury to the head, for example motor vehicle accidents, falls, blast trauma, and more, can cause a TBI. These in turn can cause damage to multiple areas of the brain and impair motor, speech, language, and cognitive functions as discussed. It is important to note that unlike ASD that usually
A traumatic brain injury (“TBI”) occurs when the brain is somehow injured, rattled, or wounded from an external source of force. The means of acquisition and the severity of TBIs are unique to each patient; therefore, symptoms and rehabilitation can vary greatly depending on the patient’s condition following the incident and how they sustained the injury. The severity of a TBI is generally classified into one of three categories: mild, moderate, or severe, and this type of diagnostic criteria influences how a patient with TBI is treated by medical staff and rehabilitation specialists. TBIs can affect a specific part of the brain that was directly impacted, leaving the patients with only one or a few areas of impairment, or the damage can
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) has affected many people, but has hardly raised awareness; in fact according to Marcia Clemmitt “About 1.7 million Americans suffer a traumatic brain injury (TBI) every year…Yet, while they affect so many people, TBI has received little medical-research funding until brain injuries from the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan … began to mount in recent years.”(Clemmitt) For such a long time many people were unaware of what traumatic brain injury even meant; Up until a numerous groups of veterans that came back home, from Afghanistan were found to suffer from traumatic brain injuries. Due to the discovery, the people that already suffered from traumatic brain injury
A traumatic brain injury also known as a TBI is an acquired injury to the brain caused by an external physical force resulting in total or partial functional disability or psychosocial impairment, or both, that adversely affects educational performance. The term applies to mild, moderate, or severe, open or closed head injuries resulting in impairments in one or more areas. (Florida Dept. of Education 2015) Although I have never met anyone with a brain injury, I wanted to learn more about it and what they go through to get a better perspective. One of my favorite movies is 50 First Dates with Adam Sandler and Drew Barrymore. He meets a girl who had been in a car accident with her father years before and suffers from memory loss. Every day she re-lives her day the same as before and every night it’s almost like her short term memory has been erased. She only remembers what happened right before her accident. Until she meets a man who changes all of that. As the movie goes on, they fall in love and every day she wakes up to watch a video to show what her life is like now. During the movie she meets a man named “10 second Tom” who could only remember things for 10 seconds. It really opened my eyes to how blessed we are to remember the little things. A TBI can affect everyone differently. It can cause you to lose short term memory, long term, affect other parts of your body, and you might not
According to the CDC (United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention), there are approximately 1.5 million people in the U.S. who suffer from a traumatic brain injury each year (CDC, 2003). Also, the CDC reports that nearly 50,000 people die from TBI each year and 85,000 people suffer long-term disabilities and slowly growing. Traumatic brain injury, also well known as TBI, is when severe change(s) in a normal functioning brain has abruptly changed due to a plethora of different MOI’s, some include: open or closed head injuries, deceleration injuries, chemical/toxic, hypoxia, tumors, infections and stroke. Car accidents, firearms, and falls often cause many TBI’s. Consequences of a brain injury vary from person-to-person because no two injuries are alike. A brain injury is different from a broken leg or punctured lung. Brain injuries do not heal like other injuries; once the brain is damaged it's hard to heal the damaged areas in the brain. Once the areas in the brain are affected it can lead to limited use of specific body parts, alter your personality, mental abilities, abnormal speech/language, impaired or loss of thinking and emotions (depression) and sensation (vision or hearing.)
A traumatic brain injury, often referred to as TBI, occurs when an acute, intense amount of force from outside the cranium causes a traumatic injury to the brain. Traumatic brain injuries pose potentially unlimited post-trauma hurdles and impediments to both the patient and their family. One of the more difficult potential impediments to be faced in the wake of a traumatic brain injury is the development of a new psychiatric disorder. In fact, the prevalence of psychiatric disorders is three times more likely in patients who have suffered a traumatic brain injury than those who have not (Garcia, 2001, Para 2). There have been numerous studies into the correlation between traumatic brain injuries and the development of new psychiatric disorders; however, the link between the two is still
In their article, Depression and Cognitive Complaints Following Mild Traumatic Brain Injury, Dr. Silver, Dr. McAllister, and Dr. Arciniegas (2009) states that “Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a common occurrence with multiple possible neuropsychiatric sequelae, including problems with cognition, emotion, and behavior.” A traumatic brain injury is a physiological disruption of brain function due to the application of external physical force, including acceleration/deceleration forces. Neuropsychiatric sequelae, a term used to describe a cluster of post-TBI symptoms to include: cognitive, emotional, behavioral, physical, and psychosocial problems, is a significant source of disability in TBI survivors and their families. This review will examine symptoms of depression and cognitive impairment in individuals that have experienced a mild TBI, as well as the clinical approach to treating such people (Silver, McAllister, & Arciniegas, 2009).
Life after Traumatic Brain Injury or TBI is very difficult for its victims. Some often have effects of their injury noticeable very soon after the injury happens. Traumatic Brain Injury causes long lasting or permanent physical, mental, and social impairments and they quite often suffer from a diminished quality of life. For some of the victims of Traumatic Brain Injury they lose more than just their memories, but they also lose a lot more. The medical issues alone from their injury is painful enough. They lose lifelong friends, memories of their loved ones, they lose financially as they lose their jobs, and their will to work. Simple actions that a non-injured normal person would be able to do with ease, were difficult if not for pain, but
Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) has continually garnered concern from the public. Effects of a TBI range from headaches to loss of motor functions in more severe cases. Normally when one hears that term, their first thought is about military personnel in a war zone. Now, that is definitely true; however, military personal are not the only ones who can receive a TBI. Anyone can suffer damage to the brain resulting in a TBI. A person’s head doesn’t even have to come into contact with another object for this to occur.
However, not all survivors are traumatized by their experience. In the article, it touched basis on the brain processes during trauma. Trauma has a major effect on the brain. The action of trauma on the brain is not completely understood, but there is knowledge regarding the brain’s role in processing traumatic experiences. There are two important parts of the brain that are involved when responding to danger. The “Doing” and the “Thinking” brain. The Doing brain, also called amygdala, this part of the brain is located in the limbic system that responds to threat, danger, and intense emotion. This is designed to act as a smoke alarm that goes off when your brain thinks danger. The Thinking brain, also known as the pre-frontal cortex, assist us with planning, problem-solve, and organize the world around us. It assist us with analyzing situations, and making thoughtful
The effects of interpersonal violence vary significantly from person to person and cannot be defined by pre-formulated assault syndromes or lists of expected symptoms. Instead, post-victimization consequences are the complex result of a wide number of trauma-specific, historic, victim, and social variables, ensuring that the clinical presentation of any given woman cannot be reviewed merely by the fact of her assault, an assault syndrome, or even by her DSM-5 diagnosis. “This is not to say that some effects are not relatively common among women who are victimized, such as depression, anxiety, or posttraumatic stress.” (Briere & Jordan, 2004, p. 1267) Even these, however, are not inevitable, nor are they specific to a given type of assault.
She was evaluated at St. Luke’s Hospital and received 10 stitches on the back of her head. After the accident the patient reported intermittent headaches and dizziness, difficulty concentrating, insomnia, anxiety, impaired memory and reading comprehension, and distressing flashbacks of the incident. A neuropsychological evaluation found her symptoms to be in the severe range of the Beck Anxiety Inventory, and she was diagnosed with PTSD and Post-Concussion Syndrome. The evaluation found a direct causal link between her symptoms and the incident. The patient’s symptoms were consistent with mild TBI. However, the presence of PTSD (which shares symptoms like impaired attention and irritability) complicated a differential diagnosis (Brenner et al. 2009). A DTI study was ordered to assess possible
Reading Cathy’s narrative allowed me to become familiar with TBI. As specified by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, traumatic brain injuries affect around 1.7 million individuals across all ages each year in the United States. According to the American Speech and Hearing Association (ASHA), a TBI can be either a closed or an open head injury. The severity of traumatic brain injury can be identified as falling under mild, moderate, or severe using the Glasgow Coma Scale as stated by Teasdale et al. (2014). In the story, Alan was assessed after being admitted to a Canadian hospital and scored a five on the scale, categorizing his brain injury as severe. Although, Alan’s low score meant that he would eventually awake from the coma, the consequences of his