Domestic Violence Definition

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Definitions of domestic violence are socially constructed and have developed over time; these definitions reflect existing understandings and interests, and power distributions (Muehlenhard & Kimes, 1999). Domestic violence is understood as a pattern of behavior which includes violence or abuse by one individual against another in a domestic environment, such as a cohabitation or marriage. Domestic abuse can occur in heterosexual and homosexual relationships and can also occur between two individuals who live together that are not romantically engaged. Intimate partner violence, a form of domestic violence, is domestic violence that occurs between two individuals who are romantically involved. Domestic violence can include many different abusive behaviors including, but not limited to, physical violence, emotional, verbal, sexual, and economical abuse, isolation, intimidation, and stalking. On a global level, females are the most commonly reported victims of domestic violence; however, males have been reported as the victims of domestic violence as well (Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2014). In some cases, both individuals may engage in violent behavior, or the victim may retaliate or behave violently in …show more content…

Department of Justice notes that 25% of women in the United States have experienced domestic violence with an estimated 960,000 incidents each year; a calculated 85% of victims being female in gender and 15% of victims being male in gender (Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2014). It is reported that an estimated 4 women die every day due to domestic violence (Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2014). It is estimated that domestic violence costs the nation 7.5 billion dollars annually in medical expenses, law enforcement and court expenses, foster care and shelters, sick leave, absenteeism, and non-productivity (Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics,

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