Essay on Don't Drive and Talk on the Cell lPhone

661 Words 3 Pages
Evidence suggests that cell phone usage and car accidents are correlated. Currently, twelve states prohibit all drivers from using hand-held cell phones while driving (Governer's Highway Safety Association, www.ghsa.org). These laws are supported by research and hypothesis such as this one: "The NSC model estimates 21 percent of crashes or 1.1 million crashes in 2010 involve talking on hand-held and hands-free cell phones" (National Safety Council, www.nsc.org). However, correlation isn't causation. In order to avoid falacy, researchers cannot rule out rival hypothesis. Virginia Tech conducted research and deducted that talking on a phone isn't dangerous. "Our analyses separated talking and dialing tasks and found that talking on a …show more content…
Evidence suggests that cell phone usage and car accidents are correlated. Currently, twelve states prohibit all drivers from using hand-held cell phones while driving (Governer's Highway Safety Association, www.ghsa.org). These laws are supported by research and hypothesis such as this one: "The NSC model estimates 21 percent of crashes or 1.1 million crashes in 2010 involve talking on hand-held and hands-free cell phones" (National Safety Council, www.nsc.org). However, correlation isn't causation. In order to avoid falacy, researchers cannot rule out rival hypothesis. Virginia Tech conducted research and deducted that talking on a phone isn't dangerous. "Our analyses separated talking and dialing tasks and found that talking on a phone did not increase crash risk among experienced or novice drivers, while dialing increased risk for both groups" (Tom Dingus, director of the Virginia Tech Transportation Institute and co-author of the study via Joseph Rose, www.oregonlive.com). To test the hypothesis between the negative correlation of cell phone usage and driving skills, it is important to conduct research using experimental designs and controlled conditions.

Experimental design, also known as experiments, permit cause-and-effect inferences. This is the best research design for testing this hypothesis as researchers have the ability to manipulate variables, such as cell phone use, and to see their affect on driver behavior. The main idea is that it is a controlled

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