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Eardrum Rupture Research Paper

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Eardrum Rupture, Adult

An eardrum rupture is a hole (perforation) in the eardrum. The eardrum is a thin, round tissue inside of the ear that separates the ear canal from the middle ear. The eardrum is also called the tympanic membrane. It transfers sound vibrations through small bones in the middle ear to the hearing nerve in the inner ear. It also protects the middle ear from germs. An eardrum rupture can cause pain and hearing loss.

CAUSES
Eardrum rupture results from a sudden injury (trauma). This may be caused by:
• Inserting a thin, sharp object into the ear canal.
• Getting a blow to the side of the head, especially with an open hand.
• Having a sudden increase in pressure against the eardrum, such as from an explosion or a
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SYMPTOMS
Symptoms of this condition include:
• Sudden pain at the time of the injury.
• Ringing in the ear or dizziness after the injury.
• Bleeding from the ear.

DIAGNOSIS
This condition is diagnosed based on your symptoms and medical history as well as a physical exam. Your health care provider can usually see a perforation using an ear scope (otoscope). You may have other tests, such as having a hearing test (audiogram) to check for hearing loss.

TREATMENT
Typically, the eardrum will heal on its own within a few weeks. If your eardrum does not heal, your health care provider may recommend a procedure to place a patch over your eardrum or surgery to repair your eardrum.

HOME CARE INSTRUCTIONS
• Keep your ear dry. This is very important. Follow your health care provider’s instructions on how to keep your ear dry. These may include wearing waterproof earplugs when bathing or swimming.
• Take over-the-counter and prescription medicines only as told by your child's health care provider.
• Keep all your child's follow-up visits as told by your health care provider. This is important.
• Talk to your health care provider before traveling by
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