Ebola Epidemic : Interactions Throughout Culture, Biology And Ecology

1593 WordsNov 25, 20167 Pages
The 2014 Ebola Epidemic: Interactions in Culture, Biology and Ecology Introduction The geography of the 2014 Ebola epidemic The first cases of the 2014 epidemic were reported in Gueckedou Province, Guinea in March of 2014. This epidemic was the most geographically extensive outbreak within a single country. The first recorded outbreak occurred in simultaneous outbreaks in Democratic Republic of Congo (then Zaire) and Sudan in 1976, killing 280 out of 318 cases. (MSF UK, 2016) Fruit bats are considered to be the host of the Ebola virus. (MSF UK, 2016) There are five different strains: Bundibugyo, Ivory Coast, Reston, Sudan and Zaire, named after their places of origin. These, except for the Reston strain, have caused disease in humans. The 2014 epidemic was the first truly transnational outbreak of Ebola, the longest in duration, and the first with a human case diagnosed on American soil. (Wilson, 2015, 1) This was a pivotal moment of global health, as it occurred at the formal end of the UNMDGs, some of which aimed to improve health conditions in vulnerable countries. (Wilson, 2015, 3) These and other MDGs were set back by this epidemic, (UNDP 2014) exposing the role that chronically weak and underfunded public health systems played in disrupting perceptions of global health security. In an epoch characterized by neoliberal globalization, vulnerabilities caused by interdependency between the Global South are easy to identify, producing discourses of explanation,

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