Effect of the Lunar Phase on Events of the Earth

1179 Words Jan 30th, 2013 5 Pages
Title: Explore the effect of the lunar phase on events on Earth - temperature and birth rates. Subject: Astronomy Grade level: High school - grades 10-12 Project Type: Descriptive Cost: Low Awards:
First place in the Leader Regional Science Fair 2003
Honorable Mention at the Canada Wide Science Fair 2003. Affiliation: Canada Wide Virtual Science Fair Link: http://www.virtualsciencefair.org/2003/sitte3b/public_html/ | Short Background | | Lunar phase (or Moon phase) refers to the appearance of the illuminated portion of the Moon as seen by an observer, usually on Earth. The lunar phases vary cyclically as the Moon orbits the Earth, according to the changing relative positions of the Earth, Moon, and Sun. One half of the lunar surface
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Kelly, Rotton, and Culver report that Caton examined 45,000,000 births and found a weak peak around the third quarter phase of the Moon, while the full moon and new moon phases had an average or slightly below average birth rate.In 1959 Walter and Abraham Menaker reported that a study of over 510,000 births in New York City showed a 1 percent increase in births in the two weeks after full moon. In 1967 Walter Menaker studied another 500,000 births in New York City, and this time he found a 1 percent increase in births in the two-week period centered on the full moon. In 1973 M. Osley, D. Summerville, and L. B. Borst studied another 500,000 births in New York City, and they reported a 1 percent increase in births before the full moon. In 1957 Rippmann analyzed 9,551 births in Danville, PA and found no correlation between the birth rate and the phase of the moon.A fifteen month study in Jacksonville, Florida also revealed at least no lunar effect on crime and hospital room admittance. In particular:There was no increase in crime on full moons, according to a statistical analysis by the Jacksonville Police Department. Five of the fifteen full moons had a higher than average rate of crime while ten full moons had a lower than average rate. The