Examining Student Success: The effectiveness of Peer support and Student Engagement on Student Success
The use of peer-leader instructional learning (PIL), has been shown to be positively correlated with improving student self-efficacy, learning, grades, and confidence in past research (Hughes, 2011). However, most of this research has been carried out in Science, Technology Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) courses (e.g. upper level physics courses) (Murray, 2011). More research is needed in order to determine if implementation within social science learning environments would parallel the results that have been noted in STEM learning environments. The PIL is a student that facilitates the material given to other students in order to …show more content…
Student academic success (e.g., satisfactory exam grades) will be measured in relation to peer support and student engagement. The purpose of this study is to provide further research on the relationship between the use of peer instructional learning and peer support and students’ engagement within PSYC 1101 courses. Peer support and student engagement with psychology, through the use of peer instructional learning, and student academic success.
Cognitive Gains Associated with Peer Learning
Many researchers are interested in the potential association between the implementation of collaborative peer learning instruction and the improvement of pre-test and post-test scores on cognitive tasks (e.g. memory, problem solving). Interactive peer learning environments allow students to interact with one another, examine alternative explanations, and think critically in a team-oriented way (Gok, 2013). Such benefits have even been demonstrated in studies with participants who have developmental and learning issues as shown by Utley et al. (2001). Utley et al., (2001) found that student weekly post-test scores on health and safety facts increased from 18% (beginning of the semester) to 100% at the end of the semester, as a result of collaborative peer instruction that involved the teacher, the paraprofessional, and the learning volunteer.
On the other hand, although such collaborative PIL structures, have also been demonstrated in students with high learning needs,
Click here to unlock this and over one million essaysGet Access
Being a part of my school’s peer tutoring program has been the most gratifying experience of my high school career. As a student, I can relate to those that struggle in a subject and are unable to connect with the material being taught in class. I have worked with students who have lost confidence in themselves because of the difficulty they were having in school. To be given the opportunity to assist students to reach their academic goals is fulfilling. As a peer tutor, I edit essays, share scholarship searches, assist with homework, and provide studying tips and test taking strategies. I enjoy working with my group to develop habits to be more successful.With each higher grade earned, test anxiety relieved, and confident smile of those that I help, I know that the work I am doing is
This tool would address MP’s LD because peer instruction allows students to discuss problems in a low-risk setting, thus relieving the student’s anxiety. It allows MP to explain her thinking by sharing
I have lived in Morgan Township my whole life and went to Morgan Elementary as a child. Through these years I have seen first hand how much teachers cared about their students. Many teachers formed one on one relationships with kids including me. Suddenly, the teachers seem more like your friends. This is something that I feel is very important when wanting to have a successful school district. In addition, Ross has always held students to a higher academic standard than most schools in the area. Which I feel in some cases is needed. Ross does an excellent job promoting academic success. Whether it be coming in early for help, or study skills. Ross provides amazing tools for students in achieving this goal. Another truly amazing aspect about
On the first few days of second semester, I began to get trained in order to Peer Tutor. At first, I felt overwhelmed. I thought my personality may scare away tutees, possibly giving the program itself a mediocre name. I learned about the characteristics necessary in order to become a successful Peer Tutor, in addition to the process of escorting tutees to the Peer Tutoring classroom and communicating with teachers. After learning the process, my confidence kicked in. I began to observe teachers in order to learn how to appeal to different types of learners.
Within the article "Promoting Inclusion, Social Connections, And Learning Through Peer Support Arrangements", Carter et al. (2015) speak about why inclusion is important, as well as ways to help benefit students with disabilities in inclusion classrooms. They discuss the jobs of paraprofessionals and also how peer support can go a long way in helping students, especially those with severe disabilities. By focusing on both academic and social skills, this plan will help students with disabilities learn how to mingle with fellow classmates and help them figure out about their own preferred learning style.
Teacher-centered learning styles are used most frequently in areas of science as a mean to adequately convey new materials. Instructors within areas of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) introduce concepts to students, usually via lecture, and then issue an assessment tool to measure their level of understanding. Studies have shown that the primary reason students are unsuccessful within science courses (high school students) or decide to change their major course of study to an area outside of STEM (college students), is because they suffered from low quality teaching (Finn, 2015). Students noted that dull lecturing and intimidating classroom environments hindered their learning capabilities, and therefore felt disconnected to the subject area (Finn, 2015). This may be combatted by introducing peer teaching in science-based teaching environments.
A typical PALS lesson includes: partner reading, paragraph shrinking, and prediction relay. “Peer-assisted learning strategies (PALS) was originally called Classwide peer tutoring (CWPT) and developed at the Juniper Gardens Children’s Project in Kansas in the late 1970s as a technique for improving children’s learning of basic skills in urban schools,” (Mathes, Howard, Fuchs, & Allen, 1998.) In this particular research study documented in the journal called Peer-assisted learning strategies for first grade readers: Responding to the needs of diverse learners teachers were to conduct these first grade students using the PALS strategy for 35-minute sessions for 16 weeks involving the whole class. Results show that there was a significant difference between those first graders receiving PALS versus first graders that did not. Those participants receiving PALS scores were significantly better once those strategies were administered, (Fuches & Fuches, 2005, p.
A successful peer mentoring relationship can have a significant positive effect on students and can also help improve communication and social skills, self-esteem, leadership skills, and also increases confidence and motivation. Being experienced students that have gone through the transition from primary school to high school and have been through the challenges that high school has given us, we can guide incoming students through the very experiences that we went through and provide tips on how to get through high school with ease. The importance of Peer Mentoring in learning programs is successful as it gives new students a way to communicate and connect with older students and ask question that they may have about high
1). These skills include the ability to recognise and manage emotions, problem solving and forming positive relationships (Zins & Elias, 2006, p. 1). The Collaborative for Academic, Social, and Emotional Learning (CASEL) claims research indicates that not only can fundamental skills be taught, they can be taught by regular teachers, in regular classrooms to all students (CASEL, 2007, p. 1). A successful SEL program promotes positive development in children, reduces problem behaviours, and improves academic performance, citizenship, and health-related behaviours (CASEL, 2007, p. 1). The academic outcomes promoted by SEL include greater motivation to learn and commitment to school, improved attendance, improved grades and test scores (CASEL, 2007, p.
Struggling readers have difficulties remaining engaged during literacy lessons across the country due to stigma associated with independent reading texts as well learning content that is too difficult for them to understand (Ivey & Johnston, 2013; Guthrie & Wigfield, 2000). Stigmas associated with upper elementary school aged children are significantly below grade level the texts have a different appearance: more pictures, thinner spine due to shorter text. These texts are often considered less desirable and some strugglers have been known to call them “baby” books, unable to understand grade level texts, or having a lack of choice in their independent reading (Cambria & Guthrie, 2010).
Because these students work so well together I take advantage of this and encourage peer tutoring which allows the class to indulge in group activities more often. Even though some students frequently struggle to maintain the level of their classmates, this sometimes encourages the stronger students to lend a hand. While some might see this situation as a hindrance for the strong students, I definitely see an advantage for them. Students who teach others retain and dig deeper into concepts than students who merely receive and recite instruction. Additionally, while each of them has something to contribute to the conversations about the conceptual understanding of the statistical concepts related to data collection, when we put all of our thoughts together we construct meaning together and there is less need for me to add in the end. They acquire collaborative skills to gain an understanding of their lesson and think
A lack of clear goals and objectives has been cited as one of the key reasons why peer education programs fail (Partners Against Hate, 2002). To avoid this failure, a policy and procedures was written to clearly outline the duties of the position (Addendum A). An area of focus gives the leader a specific focus in which they can practice leadership skills and accomplish their goals (Partners Against Hate, 2002).
Developed by Lynn Fuchs and Doug Fuchs in 1997, Peer-Assisted Learning Strategies (PALS) is a supplemental peer tutoring program (U.S. Department of Education, 2012). It uses the help of stronger students to assist students who have more educational needs. “The purpose of PALS is to strengthen general education’s capacity to meet the academic needs of a broader range of children” (Fuchs, D., Fuchs, L. S., & Burish, P., 2000). The acronym PALS suits the program very well, considering it is a class-wide peer-tutoring program. The program is a combination of peer tutoring and effective instructional techniques.
What do think when you hear student success? Many people think different things. For example, student success could be a student having a good job in something they specialized on, and are living on their own without anybody's help. There are several different ways student succeed and ways to change schools in order for their students to succeed as well in this article. For instance, Anaheim High Schools can improve student success if we have longer school days, make the student be interested in school and on what they are learning, and having more after school programs that interest kids and will keep their minds off of bad things.