In addition, not only does Beijing face water scarcity due to an increase in water demand and water pollution, but climate change also affects the access to water. Climate change can have impacts on the availability and quality of water due to “altering precipitation patterns, increasing the intensity of extreme events, raising water temperatures, and accelerating the melting of snow and glaciers” (Pitt, 2000, p. 87). Although the country of China can be known as one of the major emitters of green house gasses, which contributes to climate change, China is also affected by climate change in numerous ways. One of the ways in which climate change affects this country is through an increase in flooding and drought, which ultimately …show more content…
In regards to the increase in demand of water, China has taken action on coping with this issue through applying measures that will allow for water conservation. One of the ways in which China wishes to conserve water is through raising the price of water in a “ new tiered pricing system to put more of the burden on heavy business users as it seeks to protect scare resources” (“Thirsty Beijing”, 2014). As the price of water increases Chinas government is expecting that this will cause businesses to upgrade their facilities to reflect water saving measures. In regards to household usage Beijing charges 1.10 yuan for its water resource fee and has the highest price of water in all of the cities in China (Xie, 2009). The water resource fee “reflects the opportunity cost and scarcity of the actual raw water source and is charged to all water users” (Xie, 2009, p.9). The Ordinance of Water Permits and Water Resource Fee Management guide the tariffs on water and became effective in 2006 in which the local governments determine prices (Xie, 2009). Although the residents are being charged, the fees paid go to the local and central governments for general revenue. China still requires improvements in this area and should focus on sewage treatment fees rather than tap water tariffs. Another measure that the government of China has taken
In addition, global climate change will exacerbate these challenges faced by countries and populations. Shifting precipitation patterns threaten to reduce water availability in some regions while inflicting stronger storms on others, increasing both potential droughts and floods. This may increase the frequency of more serious
People in China die every day without water and it’s something you have to have to live.China has always struggled with water scarcity mostly North China. There are three main causes of China’s water scarcity crisis, Global warming ,and population Of these, the biggest driver is industrialization.
In accordance with many facts, China’s Water Scarcity Crisis has many factors. However, the three most important causes of China’s water-scarcity crisis are Global Warming, Population Growth and Urbanization and especially Industrialization. With the erupting downfall of the great country’s water crisis, China needs to address all these components immediately. If not, the country might as well write out their death
When I am writing this essay, Jiangsu province is suffering from the most serious drought from last 50 years. Suzhou, a city should have been rainy. But I almost have not seen rain since I come to Suzhou. “Climate changes caused by human activities, most importantly the burning of fossil fuels (coal, oil, and natural gas) and deforestation, are superimposed on, and to some extent masked by, natural fluctuations.”(Hamburg, S. et al, 1997) Due to these violent human activities, those kinds of extreme phenomena are becoming much more popular than before. Human burning countless fossil fuels recklessly lead to too
One reason for China's water shortage is pollution. Only 56% of municipal sewage is treated in some form (doc F). 20 Billion of untreated wastewater is directly deposited into water bodies (doc E). When something gets in water you can not drink it because it is polluted.
North China is lacking water.China is a big country and needs water, but most of its rivers are drying up. There are three main causes of China’s water scarcity crisis: Global warming, urbanization, and industrialization. Of these three important drivers, there is one that is much more important than the others, industrialization.
In the recent years, global warming has taken an increasingly prominent role in the international society. Today, the great debate over the existence of global warming is over; almost everyone believes that global warming is a real issue that must be addressed. The world is now at the step in which it must take action to combat climate change. In the push to do this, many countries report their carbon emissions. However, in reporting our carbon emissions, many people are jumping to conclusions by wrongly pointing at China as most responsible for climate change.
China’s water supply is in danger. Throughout time, there many glaciers, rivers, and other sources of water until scarcity reigned. Due to Population rapidly growing, Global Warming, and developing industries, China’s water supply decreased significantly. Population was growing to quickly, Global Warming melting and shrinking our main sources of water, and lastly, development of industries requiring a big supply of water for their business such as manufacturing. As you can see, these factors has been affecting China greatly. There are three main causes of China’s water scarcity crisis: Global Warming, Population Growth/Urbanization, and Industrialization. Of these, the biggest driver is Industrialization.
China water scarcity is ,so bad south china is having to give north China, 45 billion cubic meters of water per year. The Glaciers are shrinking ,so North China dry season will be very dry(doc A).There are three main causes of China’s water scarcity crisis is bad Government policy, population growth and urbanization ,and Of these, the biggest driver is industrialization.
Climate change is a issue that widely talked today. As the National Weather Service reports, the hottest temperature records are extending all over the United States since year 2010 (Schlesinger, William H, 2014). It is obvious that our world is heating. Global warming become more and more seriously. With the increase of temperature, many environment problems occur to have huge impact on our urban life, including: the sea level rise, air pollution and drought. These environment problems also endanger our area in a large part.
Water is essential to life. It is a vital resource that makes up 70% of the earth’s surface. However, only 3% percent of the earth’s water is freshwater and two-thirds of that freshwater are frozen in glaciers and ice caps, leaving an incomparably small portion available for sustaining earth’s life forms (“How Much Water is in the Ocean?”). Rising surface temperatures, caused by greenhouse gasses that are released when burning fossil fuels, are threatening this water supply by accelerates the rate of water evaporation and limiting precipitation, which leads to droughts and water shortages. Furthermore, earth’s growing population is consuming an increasingly larger fraction of freshwater, which is causing the earth’s natural aquifers to dry up. This global water crisis is especially acute in the western United States where California is experiencing critical drought conditions that are endangering the state’s ability to sustain life. The current California water crisis will ultimately make the state uninhabitable because of several severe, long-term consequences.
According to history of China, water consumption, growing population and demand for higher living standards were increasing steadily since the 1950s, when industrial development of the country started. In theory that could lead to new economic era and growth of the country, but in practice that caused one of the most important environmental problems in China. First of all, the pollution of water resources in this country goes deep into history in the 1970s. According to Wang (1989), the situation hasn’t changed for the better and the rate of pollution increased rapidly. Even nowadays the government of China cannot tackle
Water shortage is a growing problem for most countries in the world. For China, which has 20% of world’s population and only 7% of available water resources, this problem may become catastrophic (Hofstedt 2010, 72). Therefore some actions and measures should be performed to avoid or at least to weaken future water crisis in China. In this work the following three solutions will be proposed and analyzed in terms of efficiency and applicability: water usage efficiency improvement; adopting the local agencies on controlling water resources; reasonable water pricing.
The first side that is going to be brought up is the side of the argument that agrees that people deserve the right to clean water in all cases. Some of the strongest arguments from this side come from Ben Adler in “Clean water should be a basic human right. Why are we charging so much for it?”. Their main argument comes from the very first sentence in the article, which is “Aging Infrastructure + warming climate = rising prices.” and also summarizes the claims in the rest of the article. The cost of water varies in several different zones in the world, but overall the prices for water have risen over 41 percent in the past six years (Adler). Adler claims that this is because companies are treating water as if it were
The population on China is constantly increasing and it is increasing quickly. Because of the population increase there are more and more carbon emission, which is causing a lot of pollution in China. “While China’s economic boom has greatly accelerated the devastation of its land and resources, the roots of its environmental problem stretch back centuries” (Albert and Xu, 2016). China’s environment is becoming more and more polluted and it is also causing harm to the plants, animals and ecosystem there. China’s population began booming and has increased by about 10% every year for the last decade (Albert and Xu, 2016). While the population increases so does the industrialization of the country which in turn increases the carbon emissions and pollution. The water is also becoming increasingly