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Effects Of Stalinization

Decent Essays
Danielle Bowman
Ukr 100
April 23, 2017

De-Stalinization and the Effects on Ukraine

De-Stalinization was the process of political reconstruction that took place in in the Soviet Union after the death of Joseph Stalin in 1953. This process strived to eliminate institutions established by Stalin that instilled mental and social suffering across the Ukrainian people. In 1956, when Nikita Khrushchev was elected the First Secretary of the Soviet Communist Party it began the start of de-Stalinization which undid Stalins reign of terror and characteristics as a leader. The main elements of de-Stalinization were known as Thaw, which allowed for the introduction of new policies, the liberalization of intellectual development, and loosening the ideological
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In the speech, Khrushchev criticized Stalin who was once the cherished leader of soviet population. Khrushchev also condemned Stalin for all of his vicious crimes such as murder, torment, and repression. The speeches content was shocking to many, even causing some to suffer heart attacks and commit suicide according to John Rettie (The Gaurdian, 2006). For many other Ukrainians who struggled with submission of their national identity and basic humanity this speech was like the light at the end of the tunnel. It showed these people that there would be an end to the madness of Stalin’s rule and they would see their rights and humanity once again. This speech also lead for many Ukrainians to speak up and defend there right to literature, language, and national identity which coincide with the key element of liberation of intellectual development. It also, helped free the Ukraine population from the censorship of their language, art, literature and culture. Under Khrushchev’s Thaw, writers in the Soviet Union were able to speak freely and express their…show more content…
This period of de-Stalinization lead Ukraine to re-gain is sense of identity and pride. It also formed the foundation for the independence Ukraine and separation from the Soviet Union.

Works Cited

Rettie, John. "The Secret Speech That Changed World History." The Guardian. Guardian News and Media, 25 Feb. 2006. Web. 20 Apr. 2017.
Subtelny, Orest. Ukraine: A History. Toronto: Published by the U of Toronto in Association with the Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies, 1988. 420-21. Print.
Dobson, M. "The Post-Stalin Era: De-Stalinization, Daily Life, and Dissent." Kritika: Explorations in Russian and Eurasian History 12.4 (2011): 905-924. Project MUSE. Web. 20 Apr. 2017.
Risch, William Jay. The Ukrainian West: Culture and the Fate of Empire in Soviet Lviv. Cambridge, MA: Harvard UP, 2011. 179-80.
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