THE EFFECT OF STORYTELLING ON EFL YOUNG LEARNES’ ORAL KILLS 3 The Effect of Storytelling on EFL Young Learners’ Oral Skills Introduction English language teaching’s aim to young learners is helping them to develop communicative competence while they are growing in different cultures. However, in a traditional teaching method, the children are asked to memorize words and grammar. This gives students a dislike for English; thinking and learning English then becomes a difficult and boring process; and finally the children would tend to lose any motivation to learn English. Teaching English to children in a foreign language environment has always been one of the most challenging tasks. This area needs lots of creativity and it needs more creative approaches to keep up with the growing creativity among younger kids. Research is scarce into finding new techniques and strategies so far. One these techniques are storytelling which makes the learning context and process fun. Kumaravadivelu (2003) urges “learners learn the language best if they pay attention to the understanding, saying and doing something with language, and not when their attention is focused explicitly on linguistic forms”. Storytelling is also described as a teaching technique that has survived over time (Chambers, 1970). Mauro Dujmovic (2006) in his article …show more content…
Storytelling is “the use of voice, facial expressions, gestures, eye contact, and interaction to connect a tale with listeners” (Hsu, 2010, p.7). Storytelling is the interaction between the storyteller and the audience. Thus, while the storyteller uses his/her voice and gesture to convey a story, the audience physically reacts to it by squinting, staring or smiling, providing the storyteller with feedback on how storytelling is being
A foundational aspect of all children’s learning is oral language. Communication orally entails the ability to include four components of spoken language to incorporate, and build on, a child’s vocabulary and grammar. These four elements consist of the phonological, syntactic, semantic and pragmatic components. Development of a child’s language skills should form together resulting in literacy success later in life. In order to master the teaching of oral language, three strategies are used. These include, the use of open –ended questions, talking about sophisticated words and incorporating sociodramatic play in to lessons, which in the end, enhance expressive and receptive oral language skills. Fellowes & Oakley and numerous other literature sources explore the significance of oral language in the child’s development.
Introduction to reading comes through phonetic reading boxes. The reading boxes are cleverly organized, going from simple to the complex. Reading does not follow the same process of writing, which is taking our own thoughts and symbolizing. When we read, it is not our language with which we are working with, it is the author’s language. Reading is the analysis of the language followed by a synthesis. Story telling and socio-dramatic play in the environment can help the child develop an imagination that fosters a higher capability to understand what is being read to them.
The learning provisions for development in literacy are extremely important and can be reached by using their language skills. They learn to communicate with others through three main ways: they are Speaking, Reading and Writing. These three areas interact with each other and develop the Childs self-expression and imagination. They must be given the opportunity within all different subject areas to use and extend their language so that their thinking skills progress to a higher level.
After reading the book to the children I will engage the students in a classroom discussion that aims to uncover what they might know about their own cultural background. Questions posed could include, “do you know where you were born or where your mum and dad were born”, “do you speak any other languages at home and what is that language, can you say something to us in your home language?”. These questions aim to uncover the diverse cultures within the classroom and by engaging in a group discussion the students learn about each other and learn that they all have different experiences and cultures. According to Fellows and Oakley (2014) reading stories to children provides the ideal context to develop oral language which can be further enhanced with educator led discussion (pg. 90).
Children’s pragmatic knowledge of written language is evident in the different ways they use language when telling a story and when they are dictating a story for someone to write down. The told stories are generally characterized by a conversational tone and voice-continuant intonation between sentences. Children’s competencies in dictating stories or narratives are another component of pragmatic knowledge. Dictated stories provide children with an opportunity to use language to share personally important events and experiences. Experiences in dictating stories have also been associated with children’s increasing awareness of the conventions of print (directionality, word spacing, punctuation, and letter-sound connections). When story dictation is followed by experiences in
Storytelling is something we all do naturally. It is an innate ability that has been practiced since the dawn of civilization. Stories can be told through literature, visuals, performances, or word of mouth. As time elapses, the way in which we tell stories involves. Although, the way in which we tell stories change, the essence of them remain by incorporating the basic elements of good storytelling.
The report concludes to show that the use of stories has benefits to children in various ways and this is not limited to only EAL children. It also has the potential of significant impact on communication. It further did have the potential to impact definitely upon communication between practitioners and parents with EAL. Keywords in the form of cue cards with English and Spanish used and these keywords incorporated into circle time and during the marking of register, choosing of activities and to support simple instructions. Benefits identified included: less frustration and enhanced behaviour due to understanding of setting routines; better concentration levels; providing a means by which children can start communication and make choices which also support language acquisition. Nevertheless, these
Most stories serve as a form of entertainment or education purpose, allowing ones to learn from the story. Storytelling is the conveying of experiences and thoughts storytellers puts into words. Most narratives contain a moral that the author wants people to learn about and connect to the story more vitally. Perhaps, storytelling allows people to learn things more vividly. Readers are not present to encounter the experience the author had gone through, therefore, it causes difficulty for readers to
Since the beginning of time, humans have entertained each other with stories about legends, heroes, and gods. How a person presents a story is called the art of storytelling. Some stories have stood the test of time because of the way the story affected the reader. A story like The Grimm Tales has still been around because of the unique and spine-chilling storytelling. The tales has a different story for every person so the stories seem like new every time. In the books, The Things They Carried, Running With Scissors, and On The Road: The Original Scroll shows how the art of storytelling affects the book overall appearance. Storytelling will be different for every story but will on occasion revolve around the same methods. The art of storytelling involves written after the events of story, for therapeutic help, and told in a first person narrative.
Storytelling helps other people to emotionally connect themselves to the author so that they know they are not the only ones who are experiencing a painful or exciting experience, and are able to share the same emotions. It often helps other people to know what they should do in order to get over it when it comes to a painful experience. Maya Angelou’s I Know Why The Caged Bird Sings explores the life of Maya Angelou and the struggles she has been throughout her childhood to her adulthood. Richard Wagemese’s Indian Horse explores the life of Saul Indian Horse and the struggles he has been through after departing from his family. The power of storytelling can unfold questions which ask the audience of how and why are the events are unfold the
Young children are like sponges; they absorb information like a sponge absorbs water. It is essential for them to be emerged in an environment in which they can absorb positive information so that one day they can become contributing members of our society and have a better future. For this reason, there is a pronounced importance on providing enriching environments for children to learn and develop appropriately. One of the ways that this can be achieved is through a literacy rich environment specifically with the use of story reading and storytelling.
They way stories are told may morph, but never will storytelling cease. From their people skills to their memories, there is no argument that storytellers possess boundless talent and intelligence. They were the first educators. And now, storytelling is a large part of everyday life. The news in the morning, the gossip throughout the day, the casual response to the casual “What’s up?” – It’s all a form of storytelling. Our lives are steeped in it. In almost every conversation a story is told. At every turn a story is born. So we all are storytellers, and the world is our audience, just waiting to hear the gospel leave our
While it is possible to be able to identify creativity in literacy practices at text level, this approach is somewhat limited because it fails to take into account: (1) the interactive features and functions of literacy practice, (2) the influence of its socio-cultural and historical context and more importantly (3) the creativity in language practices that is inherent and emergent from social practices in particular contexts.