Effects of the Cold War in Nicaragua Essays

1136 Words 5 Pages
The Cold War was a period in history right after WWII ended and it ended in 1991, when the USSR broke apart. The conflict was between two types of governments: the communists and the capitalism (democrats). The USSR represented the communist side, while the U.S. represented the democrats. Both countries had nuclear weapons and did not want to fight each other directly because they didn’t want a Mutually Assured Destruction (MAD), so they fought through other countries, by Proxy Wars. The global tensions in Cold War affected a few countries in a couple of regions, for example Central America. The involvement of the United States aided Nicaragua economically, militarily, and politically.
When Central America got rid of Spanish Colonial rule, they failed to get rid of dictatorship. For more than a century the countries in that region were ruled by dictators, which made it easier for the U.S. to control those countries. However, in 1979, a Nicaraguan revolution group called Sandinista took over the government lead by General Somoza which was very corrupt and did not listen to its citizens. ("Reagan and "Iran-Contra" Affair." BBC News. BBC, 06 May 2004. Web. 13 May 2014). Even though the revolutionaries did not support or promote communism, their actions still frightened and made the U.S. worried. Those actions included replacing the National Guard with their own army and giving away money and land. Ronald Reagan was unhappy about it because these drastics changes in Nicaragua…