El Salto Biodiversity Case Study

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In addition to crops, the little vegetation found in El Salto is composed of eucalyptus, pine, guamuchil, and fruit like mangos, guava, and plum (Salas Mercado, 2010). El Salto, also has plants such as roses and mauves. Most of the flora, continues to freely grown in the region; however, in a short interview with the author Conant (2009), a woman named Inez Garcia, explains that the region has always experienced poverty since crops do not sell at high prices, but in the region there was once an abundance of mango trees. Now, Garcia said mango trees are scarce in the region since all farming has been moved or because people are not willing to grow them and expose themselves to the contamination (Conant, 2009).

Decline in Biodiversity

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However, the employment opportunities, do not justify the effluent they have created, and the harm they have brought to El Salto (IMDEC, 2016). The Santiago River runs of El Salto’s margins, the municipality on almost everyday basis experiences odors that are dispersed as the water flows over the El Salto Waterfalls. The odor that stands out the most, is hydrogen sulfide, which is a colorless, poisonous, and flammable gas that smells similar to rotten eggs (Vida Instituto & IMDEC, n.d.). Exposure to low concentrations of hydrogen sulfide can cause, irritation to the eyes, nose, or throat, difficulty breathing, fatigue, headaches, poor memory, irritability, dizziness, and poor motor function (Vida Instituto & IMDEC, n.d.). At higher contractions, the substance can cause pulmonary edema, asphyxia, respiratory paralysis, and death (Vida Instituto & IMDEC, n.d.)Furthermore, at the edge of the river, two schools are located, Martires del Rio Blanco with 595 students, and Maria Guadalupe Ortiz with 962 students. Both schools at such close proximity from the waterfalls, are exposed to health risks for the students, faculty, and staff. A survey, found that 39 percent of the students experienced illnesses from the contaminations, 49.23 percent respiratory illnesses, 44.61 percent throat infections, 4.61 percent skin problems, and 1.5 percent experienced other symptoms like fatigue or dizziness (Vida & IMEDC,

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