Emile Durkheim : The Father Of Sociology

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During the 19th century, the field of the social sciences was on it upswing and became a major category of academic discipline, which explains the relationship between society and the individuals who exist within. Social science has always been around since the 1650’s, after the Age of Enlightenment. Followed with this, came many great intellectual figures such as the founding father of Sociology, Emile Durkheim. Emile Durkheim was very assertive on making sociology a well-known subject. As his society became more modernized due to the Industrial Revolution, he made it his ultimate goal to fully understand the relationship between people and the world they live in, or more specifically the natural social bonds people create and the overall moral health of the society. In addressing these specific questions, he identified two different kinds of societies, mechanical and organic. Durkheim believed society could only be understood by observing everyday human interaction. “Society”, he wrote, “is not a mere sum of individuals. Rather, the system formed by their association represents a specific reality, which has its own characteristics” (). His society was becoming increasingly industrialized. People were becoming more specialized in their jobs and skills, which resulted in creating an economic and ‘urban’ landscape never seen before. Skip a few hundred years, and most societies we see today in our modern world with emphasis on the Canadian society are built on the
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