When people hear the word extinction, most think of the unfortunate faith of a leopard, elephant, or bird. But the sad truth is that they are a small portion of the extinction crisis. According to WWF, the rate of species extinction “1,000 times higher than the natural extinction rate” (Para. 2) and humans are part of the cause. To solve such problem, the United States passed a law known as the endangered species act (ESA) in 1973 under the Nixon administration. The purpose of the ESA is to “protect all animal and plant life threatened with extinction, including in this category endangered species” (www.merriam-webster.com, n.d), meaning the act is protecting species who are considered endangered or threatened for
Long-term survival of a species depends on its ability to adapt to changing environmental conditions (Murphy, 1994). Genetic diversity within a species, which has taken 3.5 billion years to evolve, makes adaptations to these changing environments possible. Unfortunately, the rate of extinction of genetically diverse organisms is rapidly increasing, thus reducing this needed biodiversity, largely due to the human impacts of development and expansion. What was an average of one extinction per year before is now one extinction per hour and extinct species numbers are expected to reach approximately one million by the year 2000 (WWW site, Bio 65). As a result governmental and societal action must
In 1973, Congress passed the Endangered Species Act. The Act was passed in response to findings by Congress that growth and development were responsible for the extinction of species of fish, wildlife and plants.
Extinction is nothing new to animal and plant species around the earth. Over the course of time on the earth there have been five mass extinctions, with many predicting that a sixth has already begun due to human fault. The Endangered Species Act (ESA) was designed to save both animal and plant life from these great feat. The ESA has seen only a 2% recovery rate since it enactment (Why is U.S. Recovery Rate (2%) for Endangered Species So Low?). Many critics and politicians have been calling for a reformation of the act for years. The ESA is in need of a change in the following areas funding distribution, time it takes to list a species on the endangered species list, and habitats on private land.
Tribal rights were Massively impacted by the Endangered Species Act. There is an order that clarifies and tells how American Indians are impacted by the Act and what is done for them about it. The order explains how federal government and American Indians are connected, also how the federal government is helping American Indians because of acts like the Endangered Species one. This Order further acknowledges the trust responsibility and treaty obligations of the United States toward Indian tribes and tribal members and its government-to-government relationship in dealing with tribes ( fws ) . U.S. can't just ignore the impact on the Indians that could create controversy. The Endangered Species Act effects American Indians lifestyle and what
Facts: According to the Endangered Species Act the northern spotted owl and the red cockaded woodpecker are listed as endangered species. Loggers in the Pacific Northwest who make their living working in the forest in the same habitat of the wild birds were made to stop cutting lumber by the federal government agency Fish and Wildlife and the Department of the Interior. Sweet Home Chapter of Communities for a Great Oregon consist of logging companies, landowners integrated with other people filed a complaint with the court against the secretary of the interior Bobbie Babbitt.
These expenses are rarely tax-deductible, leaving landowners uncompensated for the prohibited use of their property. The lack of financial support from the federal government undoubtedly creates a rift between the Fish and Wildlife Service and private landowners.
The leopardus pardalis, or the ocelot, also known as the dwarf leopard, has been endangered since 1982 and is protected by the Endangered Species Act (FWS, 2010). Ocelots have been declared a federally endangered species (Tewes, 2001). They are native to South and Central America as well as Mexico (FWS, 2010). Texas is a far north as the wild cat has been found, but a few have been noted to have lived in Arizona and Louisiana in the past (Campbell, 2003, Moore, 2013). A feature that denotes it from other cats is the parallel striping descending down the neck and above the eyes. It is a medium sized cat with body size resembling the bobcat, weighing between 24 and 35 pounds when full grown (FWS, 2010).
Over the past decade, permitted by the Species at Risk Act (“SARA”), the former Conservative Government of Canada made a series of decisions that raise troubling ques-tions with regard to the conservation of endangered species in Canada. This essay exam-ines how the lenient wording of SARA permitted the Federal Government to circumvent the intent of the Act and to inadequately protect the country’s endangered species.
Did people ever see many bald eagles when they were young? There is a disagreement about whether or not the endangered species act is effective at protecting species from extinction. There are some people that argue that they aren't doing good at protecting the many species. The endangered species act is helping protect many of the bald eagle population from becoming extinct.
The Animal Welfare Act (AWA) was established in 1966 in order to prevent mistreatment of certain animals. Establishment of the AWA was a large milestone in the fight towards stricter dog breeding regulation, as it is the first and only federal law that aims to protect animals that are commercially bred. One of the biggest breeding-related rules it enforces is that breeders who breed more than three dogs at a time for profit are required to have a license. According to the AWA, “Any person who maintains a total of three (3) or fewer breeding female dogs, cats, and/or small exotic or wild mammals…and who sells only the offspring of these dogs, cats, or small exotic or wild mammals, which were born and raised on his or her premises, for pets or
Since earth was created, there has been a natural phenomenon of species across the globe appearing and disappearing. However, in the past century, many species of animals have been disappearing at an alarming rate. Mainly, this rapidly occurring issue is caused by humans. Humans that contribute to the harmful actions that cause side effects such a pollution, deforestation, habitat loss and poaching. The natural rate of extinction pales in comparison to the extinction rate caused by all of these. According to the World Wildlife Fund, the current rate of extinction is 11,000 times greater than the natural extinction rate. Several different efforts have been made in order to stop or slow down the extinction of earth’s species. The Endangered Species Act is possibly the most successful example of these efforts. It’s main purpose is to get a commitment from the American people that they will work hand in hand to help save species that are at risk of becoming extinct and never returning. This act was put in place in 1973 and since then, no other law about the disappearance of wildlife has been quite as accomplished. Many different species that are protected under this law are either fully recovered or on their way to becoming safer. Laws like these are helping many different creatures left and right, however, at the alarming rate that they are disappearing, something else needs to be done. What people don’t seem to realize is that we depend on many of the animals that we are
Many species vital to ensuring that today’s environment will thrive are becoming extinct. If a species is slowly dwindling, and in imminent danger of becoming nonexistent, this species is considered to be endangered. “One in four mammals, one in eight birds, one third of all amphibians and 70% of the world’s assessed plants on the… IUCN Red List are in jeopardy” (IUCN, 2016). According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature, or IUCN, upwards of 16,000 species are threatened with extinction, including both plants and animals (IUCN, 2016). Before becoming endangered, a species will show warning signs, either by starting to lose biological diversity or by losing the habitats for that species to flourish in, or in the worst case, both. The word endangered can sometimes be confused with threatened, extirpated, or extinct. Extirpated refers to the state of a species where its population has died out in a certain area or range, but other populations of said species still exist elsewhere (Olden, Julian D., 2008). When a species is considered threatened, or vulnerable, this refers to the state of the species being susceptible to endangerment and extinction (“Extinction crisis escalates”). So if a species is threatened, the first signs of endangerment come along, which are similar signs to that of a species in danger of becoming threatened, including lack of genetic diversity, or overhunting may be evident. (“Extinction crisis escalates”). When a species is labelled
Since the beginning of life itself, some species have lived and prospered while other species have gone extinct never to be seen again by mankind. Because of this, some would claim that extinction is natural and not significantly problematic to the world that we live in. Others, however, understand that due to climate change, habitat loss, and poaching, more and more species are becoming endangered which leads to a chain reaction that can be devastating to ecosystems. Species such as the Chinook salmon, gorillas, tropical sharks, and polar bears are all directly affected by climate change, species such as northern spotted owls, Sumatran tigers, and lemurs are greatly harmed due to habitat loss, and species such as the sea turtle, Javan rhinoceros, African elephant, and the Red-Fronted Macaw are all affected by poaching driving them all closer and closer to becoming extinct.