Endocrine Systems And The Endocrine System

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Have you ever known or do you know someone who suffers with fluctuating blood sugar? Have you ever wondered what causes the drops or rises? The Endocrine System is responsible for this .The Endocrine System is one of eleven body systems that acts as a control system. It is composed of a group of glands that maintain a stable internal environment by producing substances known as hormones. (Childs, 1996) A particular hormone affects only a particular group of cells , known as target cells. This explains what causes sugar increases and decreases in the body. According to the University Of Maryland Medical Center, the endocrine system contains organs such as the hypothalamus of the brain,the pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, and adrenal…show more content…
According to the University of Maryland Medical Center, Diabetes is a chronic condition marked by abnormally high levels of glucose in the blood. Diabetes is often managed with insulin, a hormone that is needed to convert sugar, starches, and other food into energy needed for daily life. People with diabetes either do not produce enough insulin or cannot use the insulin that their body produces. According to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, diabetes affects 25.8 million Americans. While an estimated 18.8 million have been diagnosed with diabetes, unfortunately nearly 7 million people are unaware that they are living with diabetes. There are two major types of diabetes. Type one, also known as juvenile or insulin dependent occurs when cells of the pancreas are responsible for producing insulin are destroyed by the immune system. (Childs, 1996) As a result the pancreas loses its ability to produce enough insulin to regulate blood sugar effectively. (Childs, 1996) Type one diabetes is usually diagnosed in childhood. It can be managed but is not curable. Some of the symptoms of type one diabetes are increased thirst, frequent urination, bed wetting in children who previously did not bed wet before, extreme hunger, unintended weight loss, irritability and mood changes.(Robert M. Sargis MD, 2014) Type one diabetes are diagnosed by a doctor by a Glycated Hemoglobin Test (A1C). According to the Mayo Clinic, this test

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