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Epidemiological Surveillance

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Epidemiological surveillance is a surveillance system can be viewed as an early warning system for the public, it requires that all notifiable diseases be reported to their local health department as soon as someone is diagnosed. This helps epidemiologist detect an epidemic at an early stage and enables them to take the necessary measures to control the spread of known diseases as well as new ones (Schneider & Schneider, 2017). This system also allows epidemiologists to set goals and track the progress and effectiveness of any of the interventions that have been implemented within the population (Who.int, 2017). Here in the US the CDC has a list compiled of 60 diseases that if diagnosed in a patient must be reported to the federal authorities,
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