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Erik Erikson 's Theory Of Psychology

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Erik Erikson was a well-known 20th century psychologist who made various contributions to the field of psychology. He was born on June 15, 1902 in Frankfurt, Germany. His unnamed Danish biological father abandoned Erik’s mother before he was born. Erik was raised by his mother, Karla Abrahamsen, for the first three years and she married Dr. Theodor Homberger in 1905. His mother and stepfather raised him and Erik took his stepfather’s name, Erik Abrahamsen. Erik had blond hair, blue eyes, and Nordic looks. Thus, he was teased for having Nordic looks in the community. On the other hand, he was teased at the grammar school for being a Jewish. Erik struggled with his identity and had difficulties not fitting in with either culture. In this…show more content…
Three stages are faced by most school-aged children. Stage three, initiative vs. guilt, is for preschoolers. If they are given freedom to imagine, be responsible, take decisions, to plan, then tendency toward initiative will be encouraged. However, if children are always restricted and not shown any appreciation for their ideas or decisions, they will feel guilty about acting on their own. The fourth stage, industry vs. inferiority, is for students of elementary and middle school. Children are encouraged to do things well and finish tasks. They are praised for their achievements and they develop self-confidence and industry. But, children who fail to achieve or who are constantly criticized will be left with the feeling of inferiority. Identity vs. role confusion is the fifth stage faced by adolescence, from 12-18 years. In this stage, adolescents seek their true selves and identity through exploration of different behaviors, values, and beliefs. If adolescent succeeds, identity develops and if they don’t, it results into role confusion. When an adolescent is challenged by role confusion, Erikson said, that adolescent is suffering from an identity crisis. Understanding sense of self is important in this stage of the theory in order to find success in next stages. If an adolescent gets stuck at this stage, he or she will be unable to
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