Essay #2. After The Russian Revolution, There Was A Lot

1229 WordsMar 15, 20175 Pages
Essay #2 After the Russian Revolution, there was a lot of confusion on how to establish institutions strong enough to rebuild and hold the state and society together. An issue with Marxism is that it is is not a theory of governance, rather a theory of how to bring a socialist regime into power—hence explaining the lack of guidance. At this time, Lenin took control. But after his death, the Russians were once again faced with appointing a leader to direct them. The domestic and international conditions in which the Soviet Union found itself, the legacy of Leninist ideology and organization, and Stalin’s overall character were all factors that helped determine the policies Stalin adopted. When the Bolsheviks overthrew the Tsarists, there…show more content…
Stalin 's rise to power was a combination of his ability to manipulate situations and the failure of others to prevent him from taking power. Leon Trotsky, who was considered a contender for the position, lost because of his lack of “physical vitality at the crucial time… and failed to recognize the rules of the succession struggle or of mass politics generally” (Von Laue 103). Stalin’s ethics and firsthand experience in the popular political culture—a leader rising from the masses— enabled him to take over Lenin’s position. Stalin’s approach to governing was shaped by his troubled childhood, “nationalistic struggle within the multinational Russian empire, by the revolutionary underground and the tsarist police, by World War I, by the Bolshevik seizure of power, the civil war, and the succession struggle” (Von Laue 104.) Additionally, the Western world also had an impact on how Stalin directed and imposed his power. Between 1900-1902, Lenin led the effort to introduce communism into Russia. He “adapted Marxism to Russian use and devised a persuasive prescription for Russian superiority… Its stress on universal working-class solidarity allowed an escape from the divisive nationalism threatening the multinational Russian empire.” (Von Laue 61), but his approach still focused on the need for an apocalyptic class struggle to overthrow the oppressing regime, leading into a millenarian socialist society. He
Open Document