Ethical Issues Essay

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Ethical Issues
Ethical issues are “moral challenges” facing the health care profession (Stanhope & Lancaster, 2012, p. 127). Ethical issues is a major concern in the healthcare field because healthcare providers observe ethical issues every day and have to make ethical decisions. Advance directives are written documents that addressed an individual’s medical care preferences. These documents usually take effect when patients no longer can make informed health care decisions for themselves. While these documents are helpful to loved ones and health care providers, there are a number of ethical considerations that can make the development and execution of advance directives difficult (Llama, 2014). This author is a geriatric nurse that
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Therefore, the patient was too incapacitated to make decisions. The patient’s only daughter was the durable power of attorney (DPOA). A durable power of attorney for health care is a document that names an individual health care proxy (MedlinePlus, 2014). The DPOA is person the patient trust to make health decisions if the patient is unable to do so (MedlinePlus, 2014). A signed DNR was on the patient’s medical records. Eight years ago, the patient had addressed in a living will that be no use of life-sustaining equipment such as dialysis machines, ventilators, and respirators, or no use of artificial hydration and nutrition such as feeding tubes.
The patient recently suffered from a serious pneumonia causing difficulty breathing and thick mucus in her throat. It had been told to the health care staff that the DPOA did not want the patient to be suction because it would cause discomfort to the patient. The patient had stopped taking oral nutrient. Although the patient had a living will, the daughter had suggested that her loved one be placed on a ventilator and placement for a percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tube for a short term (approximately two weeks) to see if the patient’s condition would improve. This situation had an impact on the daughter because the daughter was not ready to accept the fact that the patient was dying. The daughter was not
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