Ethical Relativism : Moral Relativism

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1.) The concepts of Ethical Relativism teach that societies evolve over time and change to fit circumstances. It exists in our lives and compares to other theories, such as moral nihilism, skepticism, subjectivism, and soft and hard universalism. Ethical relativism is the theory that holds that morality is relative to the norms of one 's culture. That is, whether an action is right or wrong depends on the moral norms of the society in which it is practiced. Moral Nihilism, Skepticism, and Subjectivism We may choose to believe that there are no morally right or wrong viewpoints—that the whole moral issue is a cultural game, and neither your opinion nor mine matters in the end, for there is no ultimate right or wrong. This view is called…show more content…
Third problem with ethical relativism. Is the morality in most of the group dictated by what they say they believe to be morally right or how they act?
4. What is majority?
Fourth problem with ethical relativism. What if the majority changes? For instance, what if at one point in time most people believe euthanasia to be morally right, and then a few years later most people believe it is morally wrong?
5. What is culture?
The fifth problem with ethical relativism. What defines a culture? Geography? Ethnicity? But why should things that are accidental features (things that you are born with or into and that you have no control over) matter with culture. Can you choose to belong to different cultures? What about religion?
6. Can tolerance be a universal value?
The sixth problem with ethical relativism. The view that an ethical relativist says we cannot make moral judgments on other cultures and we should tolerate them. But this is a moral judgment. To say those who are intolerant are being immoral is to morally judge. If being intolerant is the prevailing norm of their culture, we have a bit of a paradox.

The distinction between psychological egoism and ethical egoism reflects the contrast of "is" verses "ought," "fact" verses "value," or "descriptive" verses "prescriptive." Psychological egoism is the empirical doctrine that the determining motive of every voluntary action is a desire for one 's own welfare. A descriptive claim is a claim that
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