Ethical Uses And Implications Of A Research Project

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A beautiful bird

A barnyard fowl seems an unlikely place to find the novel tools to study and develop treatments for some of the most deadly and traumatic diseases known to humankind but the modern avian descendant of the ancient dinosaurs (Romanov et al, 2014), with its regal bearing and strutting walk, happens to be a very good place to start. Many great minds have agreed, from Hippocrates to Aristotle to many modern scientists, on the powerful tool that the chicken has the potential of being.


Arguably, the monetary and ethical costs on the facility and staff could be considered as the most important aspects of any research project. A morally bankrupt project, especially one handling live animals, would (hopefully)
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Concordia University has shaped its policy for the use of avian embryos after the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC) of San Francisco State University’s policy of the same name that they have developed from guidelines based on recommendations of Institute for Laboratory Animal Research (ILAR), the National Institute of Health (NIH) intramural recommendations for rodent neonates, and the American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) Panel on Euthanasia (Policy for Use of Avian Embryos, 2013). The policy is comprised of five rules:
Research involving avian embryos that will be sacrificed prior to 3 days before hatching does not require IACUC review, as these are not considered to be live vertebrate animals. The IACUC does require submission of a complete animal protocol for projects utilizing pre-hatched avian embryos at or after 80% of the mean incubation period. This form will record your use of avian embryos for the IACUC.
Chick embryos younger than embryonic day 15 (E15) are assumed to be unable to experience pain. It is recommended that E14 or younger embryos be euthanized by hypothermia, typically by placing the eggs in a -20°C freezer.
Chick embryos from E15 to E18 can experience pain and should be euthanized by decapitation or other rapid and humane method.
Embryos E19 and older must be euthanized by humane methods such as C02, anesthetic agents or decapitation. It should be noted that embryos
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