Evaluate the View That the Aims of the Allied Powers Were Achieved Successfully in the Occupation of Japan Up to 1951

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On the 2nd September 1945, Japan formally surrendered to the Allied nations, indicating the cessation of nearly 4 years of the Pacific War. The American representative MacArthur spoke of ‘a better world emerging out of the carnage of the past’, and therefore the Occupation began. Despite the USA’s and minor allies conflicting aims for occupation, between 1945 and 1951, they set out to garrison a peace settlement within Japan, spearheaded by MacArthur and his 3 key aims of demilitarisation, disarmament and democratization. These objectives were achieved, with the allies remaking Japan economically, politically, militarily and socially. However by 1950, MacArthur’s policies were revised, lessening the aims success, due to the emergence of…show more content…
Shortly before, SCAP purged candidates on their ‘militarist’ lists, resulting in 93% members of the Progressive party being removed. SCAP ended up appointing their own Prime Minister, Shigeru, however he resigned in 1947 and was replaced by Japan’s first socialist PM. This lasted till 1949, when the liberals gained a majority. Democratisation, implemented during the initial stages of the Occupation of Japan, was attained successfully. Macarthur had effectively reformed the nations Political, economical and social sectors. However, this would soon be reviewed as the Cold War emerged.
The rise of Communism and the Cold war saw MacArthur and America review the 3 key objectives within Japan, despite ‘minor’ allies aversions. This undermined the aims initial success and resulted in Japan being identified as an ally. In 1950, with the beginning of the Korean War, America wanted to make the Pacific region an ‘American Lake’ so as to cease the spread of communism. They were fearful of the Sino-Soviet alliance as the Soviet Union had become a nuclear power and China had turned communist. Thus, SCAP banned the Japanese communist party and removed communists from the media and industries. Disarmament and demilitarisation ended in 1950 with the formation of the National Police reserve. America enlisted Japan into its agreement to contain communism and in return, Japan allowed America troops to reside in its country and use

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