Events Leading up to World War II

1741 Words Jun 17th, 2018 7 Pages
1. Explain the context/ background of the events you are examining? For example: time; place and how it relates to colonization by the nation you are examining or other nations.
The Great Depression, which occurred in 1929, devastated the economy of many counties worldwide, including Japan. Thus, many sought for imperialism as the answer, such as the Western power and Japan. Japan targeted China, planning on taking advantage of the turmoil that was taking place inside the country, greatly devastating the country by military power. Watching closely over the feud between the Chinese Nationalists and Communists, Japan waited for the perfect opportunity. (Beck et. alt. 481)

- Japan invasion of Manchuria, China that started on 18 September
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The resulting puppet state of Manchukuo was Japan’s quasi-colony. Great violence and pressure remained in border regions in the north of China until 1937. (Kingston)
The Japanese Imperial Army, which occupied Nanjing in 1937, committed numerous heinous crimes. Including acts such as rape, arson, looting, and murder. They did however try to persuade that the executions of the Chinese were only combatant, this period holds an event called the Nanjing Massacre for a reason. They targeted innocent Chinese citizens, young children, and women. During this horrific event, around … people lost their lives. Many Japanese today still do not acknowledge this fact however. (BBC – Nanjing Massacre)

5. Explain the process by which the imperializing maintained power/control over the region. These should be linked to the ideas from the table we have studied.
Japan established a number of states that are considered puppet régimes.
- Puppet government (Beck 481)
- Engineers and technicians built mines and factories (Beck 481)
- Treaty of Portsmouth (Caswell)
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6. Explain any examples of resistance to colonial rule. Note this resistance may have been violent, but not necessarily.

The attack and invasion on Manchuria, was a direct challenge to the League of Nations. The League consisted of all major democracies except for the U.S. in the 1930’s. Japan was one of the three countries in the League that posed the

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