Evidence Based Medicine, Literature Review

1433 WordsOct 26, 20156 Pages
Joy Ogunmuyiwa Evidence Based Medicine, Literature Review Course Director: Heather McEwen, M.L.I.S., M.S. October 25, 2015 Introduction For many patients, language and culture set the background and context for the procurement and application of their health literacy skills. Health literacy is defined as the degree to which an individual is able to access, understand, and communicate information in order to promote and maintain their health [1]. However, a third of U.S. adults—77 million people—would have difficulty with common health tasks, such as following directions on a prescription drug label or adhering to a childhood immunization schedule with a standardized chart [2]. Limited health literacy has frequently been found as a strong risk factor for inadequate health knowledge, reduced self-care ability, increased morbidity, and mortality [3]. People with low health literacy tend to experience higher rates of chronic illness and are less likely to use preventive health services when compared to people with high health literacy [3]. Research that focuses on health literacy, especially of minority populations, is important because groups such as immigrants, refugees, and non-native speakers of English are more likely to experience limited health literacy [3]. The impact of limited health literacy disproportionately affects lower socioeconomic and minority groups. Limited English proficiency contributes to a greater health-related risk and lower health literacy among
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