Evolution of Management

1083 Words Jun 28th, 2013 5 Pages
Evolution of Management
The evolution of management can be divided into three distinct era’s. The Pre-Classical Era, Classical era and Neo-classical era.
Pre-Classical Era
From the Biblical times we find monarchies of the time use some form of management to lord over the great kingdoms such as the Egyptians who used hierarchy management to build the pyramids, Moses leading the Israelites through the desert to the promised land and King David when he was in charge of the kingdom of Israel.
In Ancient civilizations, the Roman Empire made use of devolved government to manage the vast empires resources. This was done through governors’ who were in charge of certain areas as we see in the bible during the birth of Jesus Christ. We can find
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Organizations are to treat all employees and customers equally and not be influenced by differences.
Weber’s principles on organizing can create stable, organized and systematic organizations but make it difficult for the organization to adapt to changing environments and new challenges.
Neo-Classical Era
Operations Management (Research)
Operations management, also known as quantitative management, gives a quantitative basis for decision making. It is characterised by the search for the optimal answer to a problem by using quantitative models. It specially deals with the development of mathematical models to aid in decision making and problem solving. This theory holds that managing is a logical and rationale process, so it can be expressed in terms of mathematical models.
Systems Management
Lurdwin Von Bartalanffy is considered as one of the founders of general systems theory. Together with Chester Barnard, they urged that organizations are open systems with interacting components. Organizations affect the environment and the environment affects them, hence they are interdependent.
Open Systems are characterized by a combination of parts whose relations make them interdependent. There are 10 characteristics of
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