Evolution of the Management School of Thought

4532 Words Feb 8th, 2012 19 Pages
Introduction
The current management theory and practices did not pop out of thin air, they evolved over many years. The evolution of management thought is not clearly understood, but many tried to defined management in different ways starting from the early days. Even before the term management came to be realized it concepts was applicable in most part of the world; in the ancient world the ideas or concepts of sound organizational structure, the concepts management is group activity and other concepts were already in use before the foundation of management as field.
In this paper we will try to see about history of management, the two main schools of thoughts and their interrelation with one another and the development of modern
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The need had arrived for a formal theory to guide managers in running their organizations. However, it was not until the 1900’s that the first major step toward developing such a theory occurred.
People who contributed to development of different management theories
* Adam Smith(1723-90)
He was known as father of political economy. He wrote a book entitled “wealth of nations” which stressed on division of labour in increasing productivity.
* Robert Owen(1771-1858)
He was an English industrialist and utopian socialist who improved the working condition of workers by reducing the length of working day. He said that human element is central to management function (1981; 40)

School of Thoughts
2. Classical management school of thought
This was new philosophy and attitude toward the use of human effort. It emphasized maximum output with minimum effort through the elimination of waste and inefficiency at the operative level
A. Scientific management school of thought
Frederick Taylor
It was founded by Frederick Taylor who was known as “the father of scientific management”. He was concerned with increasing productivity through greater efficiency in production and increasing pay for workers through the…