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Executive Branch Research Paper

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On September 17, 1787, the U.S Constitution was ratified and the greatest experiment in US history began. Realizing the need to establish a “more perfect union”, the founding fathers of our country created a three branch system of government. “The term "trias politica" or "separation of powers" was coined by Charles-Louis de Secondat, baron de La Brède et de Montesquieu, an 18th century French social and political philosopher.” (NCSL.Org) The “framers” of the constitution were well-established and educated men who studied politics and understood the grave importance of securing a democratic government. In order to ensure democracy, the idea of separation of power was of great importance. With the separation of power, the United States believed…show more content…
They also approve all Treaties and can impeach a president. The Legislative Branch checks the Judicial Branch by approving appointment of judges, possibility of removing judges through impeachment and creating lower courts. The Executive Branch checks the power of the Legislative Branch by having the power of veto, proposing and vetoing laws and legislation and calling special sessions of Congress. They check the Judicial Branch by appointing members of the Supreme Court and other federal judges. Lastly, the Judicial Branch checks the Executive Branch and Legislative Branches with the ability to deem things unconstitutional and interpreting the laws. Judges also can be appointed for life and become free from the control of the Executive Branch. The system of checks and balances gives a separation of power to three different branches. It has been an extremely effective form of government and other countries have adapted to US…show more content…
In addition, there are 6 non-voting members, representing the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and four other territories of the United States. The presiding officer of the chamber is the Speaker of the House, elected by the Representatives. He or she is third in the line of succession to the Presidency. (Whitehouse.gov)
Representatives from the House are elected every two years. You do not have to be a natural born citizen to be elected, but you must be a citizen for a minimum of seven years. Representatives must be 25 years of age and must live in the state they represent, but are not required to live in the exact district. The Senate of the United States is comprised of 100 Senators, 2 for each state. Until the ratification of the 17th Amendment in 1913, Senators were chosen by state legislatures, not by popular vote. Since then, they have been elected to six-year terms by the people of each state. Senator's terms are staggered so that about one-third of the Senate is up for reelection every two years. Senators must be 30 years of age, U.S. citizens for at least nine years, and residents of the state they represent.
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