Explain Paley's Argument for the Existence of God

1041 WordsFeb 5, 20145 Pages
4a. Explain Paley's argument for the existence of God (25) William Paley's argument for the existence of God is an important aspect of the Design argument, which argues that the universe is being directed towards an end purpose due to the a posteriori (subject to experience) evidence of an intelligent designer, who is God. This is because it is perhaps arguably the most famous version, and the theory which modern-day theories for the Design argument are built upon. The first version of the Design argument came from Plato, a Greek philosopher, who developed it to address the universe's apparent order. Plato proposed in his book Timaeus that a “demiurge”, a divine being of supreme wisdom and intelligence, was the creator of the…show more content…
B. The universe has no purpose. Discuss. (10) It has often been a long-running debate between scholars over whether or not the universe has no purpose. I personally believe it does not, for a variety of reasons. One reason is in regards to Paley's argument, which is that it depends on having one view of the world, whereas it realistically is more subjective. If you perceive the world as having order and happiness within this order then there is no issue. However, if you have been greatly effected by the evil and suffering in the world of are a pessimist, you would be more inclined to believe the world to be flawed, or as the 18th century philosopher David Hume put forward, the idea that it was the first flawed work of some infant deity. Also, as the 18th century philosopher Immanuel Kant put forward, it is possible that there is no order in the world at all, and that we humans have simply imposed order on our surroundings due to our minds categorizing it as such. Another reason I do not believe that the universe has a purpose is due to the brutality of nature, rather than peaceful harmony. As put forward by Herbert Spencer, a 19th century

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