Fate And Free Will In Homer's Iliad

Decent Essays

Human seems to be truly free regardless of gods’ command. However, in Homer’s Iliad, humans are merely tools subject to the whims of the gods.
In Homer’s Iliad, gods had already sealed the fates of everyone, and humans accepted their given fate. When Thetis was asking for help of Zeus, she said, “do honour to my son, whose life is to be cut short so early. . . . and grant victory to the Trojans, till the Achaeans give my son his due and load him with riches in requital.” Also, when Hector was fighting with Achilles one-on-one, he realized that Athena inveigled him into fighting against Achilles, and felt that his death is coming, and said:
“…Athena has inveigled me; death is now indeed exceedingly near at hand and there is no way out of it--for so Zeus and his son Apollo the far-darter have willed it, though heretofore they have been ever ready to protect me. My doom has come upon me; let me not then die ingloriously and without a struggle, but let me first do some great thing that shall be told among men hereafter.”
As it appears above, both Thetis and Hector accepted the given fate, and followed it. …show more content…

In Homer’s Iliad, gods had power over humans, so they actually led humans to do what they want, and made humans obey them. At the beginning of the text, Agamemnon refused to free Cryses daughter, and Cryses prayed Apollo to avenge on Agamemnon since Agamemnon dishonored the priest of Apollo. Apollo got furious and killed Achaeans with his silver bow. Then, finally Agamemnon had to give her back to Cryses. Also, when Achilles got furious with Agamemnon, he almost drew his sword to kill him. However, Athena came down to him and told him to stop and relax. Then, Achilles said that he would do as her command, although he was so angry, because he knew that “this will be best, for the gods ever hear the prayers of him who has obeyed

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